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Impact of Poor Nutrition in Pregnancy

The body needs balanced nutrition with sufficient intake of vitamins and minerals to stay healthy and be able to prevent various diseases. Likewise during pregnancy, pregnant women need to consume enough nutrients to prevent various diseases, both in infants and themselves.

Especially during pregnancy, the nutritional conditions of pregnant women need more attention, because it plays an important role for fetal development, as well as for the health of pregnant women themselves. Failure to pay attention to nutritional needs, can cause malnutrition during pregnancy and increase the risk of pregnancy.

What is the cause of undernourished pregnant women?

Pregnant women with malnutrition occur if a pregnant woman's diet contains insufficient nutrients that do not meet her body's requirements. Malnutrition during pregnancy may occur due to several factors including:

  • Diarrhea, nausea and vomiting cause a lack of appetite so that no nutrients enter.
  • Loss of appetite due to other health conditions such as chronic infection or depression.
  • The use of certain drugs that can interfere with the absorption of nutrients.
  • Insufficient nutrition and calories.

Various Impacts of Malnutrition on Pregnant Women Who Need to Be Watchful

Women who experience poor nutrition or vitamin deficiency during pregnancy can cause various health problems. The following are the various impacts of malnutrition on pregnant women:

Nerve tube defects in the fetus

Folate or vitamin B9 is one type of vitamin that women need during pregnancy. Without enough folate intake, the fetus is at risk of developing disorders. Consumption of 400 mg of folate a day during pregnancy can reduce the risk of a baby experiencing neural tube defects, such as anencephaly and spina bifida. Neural tube defects are a condition in which a baby experiences central nervous development problems, including the spinal cord and brain.


Poor nutrition, lack of consumption of zinc, protein, and smoking habits during pregnancy can cause the baby to be born with gastrochisis. In this condition, there is a hole in the baby's stomach until a portion of the stomach contents goes out through the hole. Usually this disorder is accompanied by birth defects

Congenital heart disease

Avoid foods that contain saturated fats, and multiply foods that contain vitamin B2 and B3. This vitamin deficiency can increase the risk of babies born with congenital heart disease.


Insufficient nutrition during pregnancy, as well as lack of intake of vitamin A and folic acid, can trigger problems in the development of the lips and the upper part of the baby's oral cavity. This results in the baby being born with a cleft lip, or with the lips and palate of the oral cavity that is not completely closed.

Congenital diaphragmatic hernias

This condition is a congenital defect that causes the baby's diaphragm to not form completely. As a result, part of the stomach penetrates into the chest cavity. Women who during pregnancy lack selium, calcium, vitamin E, vitamin B12, and retinol, have a greater risk of giving birth to children with congenital diaphragmatic hernias.

Apart from the above effects, the weight of pregnant women who are too low and experience poor nutrition during pregnancy can also trigger premature birth. It is important to try to avoid the condition of malnutrition while pregnant.

Do not let you lack vitamins and minerals needed by the body. But that also doesn't mean you can overeat, because you think that you eat for two people. Simply meet the nutrition needed and routinely check fetal health during pregnancy.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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