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Important of Folic Acid for Pregnant Programs

Folic acid for pregnant programs has an important role as a nutrient to increase fertility, help fetus growth and development in the womb, and prevent fetal defects. Not only from vitamin supplements, the best source of folic acid can you get from daily food.

The body needs folic acid to produce DNA, form red blood cells, help iron work well in the body, to help when cells and tissues grow rapidly in infancy, adolescence and pregnancy. Not only good for brain function and mental health, folic acid is also dubbed a hero for pregnant women and couples who are running a pregnancy program. Because, there are many benefits of folic acid for pregnant programs and during pregnancy. In fact, folic acid is one of the success tips for couples who are planning to get a baby.

Great Benefits of Folic Acid for Pregnant Programs

The benefits of folic acid for pregnant programs include:

  • Folic acid helps prevent miscarriages and birth defects such as spina bifida (neural tube defects), cleft lip, and heart defects. It is important that you know, neural tubes are part of the embryo where the spine and fetal brain develop. And neural tube defects can occur early in the development of the fetus, even when a woman does not know the pregnancy. That is why folic acid is highly recommended for consumption before pregnancy.
  • Folic acid for pregnant programs can also increase female fertility. Folic acid is known to affect ovarian function, implantation, embryo formation and the entire process of pregnancy. Supplements containing myo-inositol, folic acid, and melatonin help improve the quality of eggs and ovarian function.
  • The benefits of folic acid for other pregnant programs is to increase male fertility. Antioxidants such as folic acid and zinc are known to increase the number of sperm which can increase the chances of successful conception and pregnancy. The results showed that folic acid and zinc are very important for the formation of DNA and sperm.
  • Besides being very important for the production, repair and function of DNA, folic acid is also important for fetal and placental growth and development.
  • Folic acid also decreases the risk of preeclampsia during pregnancy.

Prenatal and Folic Acid Vitamin Needs for the Pregnant Program

The need for folic acid for women who are running a pregnancy program is 400 micrograms (mcg) or 0.4 milligrams (mg) per day. At least consumed a month before conception or conception. The dose of 400 mcg or 0.4 mg of folic acid can be obtained from foods containing folic acid or from supplements.

Not only folic acid, some vitamins and other minerals are also good for increasing fertility and pregnancy opportunities, such as vitamins B, C, D, E, selenium, zinc, iron, and coenzyme Q10. Prenatal vitamins such as vitamin A, calcium, and omega 3 fatty acids are also good for consumption during the pregnancy program.

Folic Acid Source Foods

Food sources of folic acid that you can find easily include:

  • Green vegetables, such as asparagus, broccoli, spinach, mustard greens, Brussels sprouts.
  • Fruits, such as oranges, avocados, and beets.
  • Nuts, such as kidney beans, green beans, peas, peanuts, and soybeans.
  • Grains, such as wheat and cereals.
  • Beef liver, seafood, salmon, eggs, and low-fat milk. Beef liver is indeed high in folic acid but also high in cholesterol, so it is recommended not to consume it a lot.

When do you need additional folate intake?

Folate is needed during pregnancy to support the growth and development of the baby, so adequate folate intake is needed at this time. However, there are certain conditions that require women to consume folate in amounts more than recommended in general (400 mcg), these conditions are:

  • Women who are obese have a higher risk of having a baby with a neural tube defect (NTD), so folate intake greater than 400 mcg is needed.
  • Women who previously had babies with NTD, so it is recommended to consume folate more than recommended in general.
  • In twin pregnancies, it is recommended that consumption of folate greater than 400 mcg.
  • Some people with genetic variation, known as the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) mutation, make it difficult for the body to process folate.
  • Women who have diabetes and take anticonvulsant drugs are at risk of having babies with NTD, so it is advisable to consume folate greater than 400 mcg


For women who experience this condition, you should consult a doctor at least a month before becoming pregnant to find out the folate needs to be consumed.

Do you need to take folate supplements?

Folate intake is very important from before pregnancy, the initial stage of pregnancy until at least 4-6 weeks after birth, and during breastfeeding. It may be a little difficult to guarantee the fulfillment of folate needs. Moreover, certain foods that contain folate sometimes do not become a high source of folate because the content of folate can be lost from food during storage or can be damaged when cooked. Therefore, taking folate supplements may be needed to meet the body's folate needs.

However, you should consult with your doctor before you decide to take folate supplements, because excessive folate can actually have a negative impact on the fetus.

The use of folic acid supplements for pregnant programs is recommended according to doctor's recommendations and prescriptions. This is to avoid side effects and adverse reactions that may be caused after consuming folic acid.



Thaler, C. NCBI (2014). Folate Metabolism and Human Reproduction. Geburtshilfe und frauenheilkunde.

Ehrlich, S. University of Maryland Medical Center (2015). Vitamin B9 (Folic acid).

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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