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Know Hydrogen Peroxide, Its Use and Its Dangers

Hydrogen peroxide is a strong compound that is often used as an oxidizing agent that can dissolve in water. Some household products to beauty products and cleansers also use hydrogen peroxide. Get to know the uses and dangers of hydrogen peroxide in the following reviews!

Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a weak acidic chemical in the form of colorless liquid, somewhat thicker than water, but is an oxidizing agent or a strong whitening agent. Hydrogen peroxide is made of hydrogen (H2) and oxygen (O2). Apart from being used as bleach, hydrogen peroxide is also used as an antiseptic and some home industry products.

Low concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (3-9%) are usually used as a mixture of drug applications, clothing bleach, and hair bleaching. In the industrial world, higher concentrations of hydrogen peroxide are used as bleach for textiles and paper.

Use of Hydrogen Peroxide in Daily Life

Hydrogen peroxide is widely used as a composition for various household products such as whitening products, disinfectants, and even beauty products. Here are some of the uses of hydrogen peroxide in everyday life that we often encounter:

  • Hydrogen peroxide in the form of topical drugs is used as an inflammatory drug for the outer ear canal. Hydrogen peroxide is also widely used in eardrop products or ear drops which are useful for softening earwax to be easily cleaned in the ear irrigation process. However, there are studies that state that distilled water is also effective for softening earwax.
  • Hydrogen peroxide is used in toothpaste products, tooth whitening, and mouthwash. This content helps remove mucus or to reduce mild mouth irritation, such as canker sores and gingivitis.
  • Hydrogen peroxide is often used as a whitening agent in food products, dry food packaging, cotton, and cotton fabrics.
  • Hydrogen peroxide is used in mild antiseptic products that are useful for preventing minor wound infections.
  • Hydrogen peroxide is used to clean minor gums or mild gum inflammation due to minor dental procedures, orthodontic equipment, denture irritation, accidental injuries, and mouth and gum irritation.
  • Hydrogen peroxide is usually found in household cleaning products, electrical and electronic products, food packaging, laundry and dish products, paper products, personal care products, and water treatment products.

Danger of Hydrogen Peroxide

Although it has many uses, hydrogen peroxide also has the potential to harm the body and the surrounding environment. Especially when used carelessly or not according to the doctor's dosage or recommendation or on the product packaging listed. Products that contain hydrogen peroxide too high can cause serious harm to death.

  • Swallowing products with high levels of hydrogen peroxide can cause irritation or gastric ulcers with symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and vomiting of blood (hematemesis), intravenous administration can cause inflammation of blood vessels at the injection site, gas embolism, and potentially life-threatening allergic reactions .
  • This product should not be used to treat deep wounds or serious burns. Because it can cause wider burns on the skin.
  • Can cause eye irritation to eye damage and damage to other organs.
  • Hydrogen peroxide can also cause water pollution.
  • Inhaling, swallowing, contact with skin and eyes can cause serious injuries, burns, or even death. Exposure to a more concentrated hydrogen peroxide solution (concentration> 10%) can cause corneal ulcers or perforations.
  • This substance can cause fire and explosion due to friction, heat, or contamination. This substance will accelerate combustion when involved in a fire.
  • Swallowing hydrogen peroxide can cause foam production which can block the respiratory tract and cause damage to the lungs. Swallowing this content can also cause lethargy, confusion, convulsions to coma.
  • Inhaling a solution with high levels of hydrogen peroxide can cause coughing and swelling of the mucous membranes.
  • Exposure to more concentrated hydrogen peroxide solutions (substance concentration> 10%) can cause corneal ulcers or perforations.
  • Hydrogen peroxide poisoning can cause several symptoms such as sore throat, coughing, dizziness, nausea, shortness of breath, reddish white spots on the skin, sunburn, blurred vision, severe internal burns, and abdominal pain.

When drunk, this substance can cause the above symptoms and swelling of the airway resulting in respiratory failure. This condition is a medical emergency, and if not treated immediately it will cause death.

Before using a product with hydrogen peroxide, you are advised to consult a doctor, especially if you have an allergy to this substance. Make sure you use it according to the correct dosage or recommendation as stated on the product packaging, keep it out of reach of children. An endoscopic procedure will be recommended if there is persistent vomiting, vomiting of blood, severe burns, severe abdominal pain, dysphagia or stridor.



1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2014). The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Hydrogen Peroxide (>60% Solution In Water). 

2. Medicine Net (2006). FDA Warns Consumers Against Drinking High-Strength Hydrogen Peroxide for Medicinal Use.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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