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Know the Dangers of Dental Plaque and How to Get Rid of It

Dental plaque is a sticky and clear layer on the surface of the tooth, which is formed from food scraps. If not cleaned, dental plaque will harden into tartar.

Many people consider trivial plaques and tartar. In fact, plaque which then causes the formation of tartar can cause damage, not only in the teeth, but also in the supporting tissues of the teeth.

Danger of Dental Plaque

As said earlier, dental plaques that are not cleaned will harden and become tartar. Well, this tartar cannot be removed just by brushing your teeth.

The rest of the food and plaque that accumulates into tartar will be converted by germs or bacteria into acids that can damage teeth and cause cavities. In addition, accumulation of food scraps and bacteria can cause bad breath (halitosis) and interference with the gums.

Plaques that accumulate and become tartar can cause inflammation of the gums or gingivitis. Gingivitis is characterized by symptoms, such as:

  • Gum swelling.
  • The color of the gums turns red.
  • Bleeding gums, especially when brushing teeth.
  • Gingivitis or inflammation of the gums can develop into even more severe conditions, namely damage to the bone called periodontitis.

How to get rid of dental plaque

Dental plaque is better cleaned as early as possible before turning into tartar, which will be more difficult to remove. Removing dental plaque can be done in the following ways:

  • Brushing teeth at least 2 times a day with toothpaste containing fluoride.
  • Use a toothbrush with soft brush bristles.
  • Brushing your teeth with the right technique, especially at the meeting point between the teeth and gums.
  • Use mouthwash that contains antiseptic regularly every day, in order to eliminate harmful bacteria that make up plaque.
  • Clean between teeth with dental floss every day.

How do you whiten teeth due to tartar?

The tartar will make your teeth look dull and not maintained. Because the plaque covers the teeth with a layer of brown to black yellow.

This tooth discoloration makes you less confident for a big smile. However, you don't worry, you can still get brilliant white teeth in various ways.

There are many ways to whiten teeth, including using whitening toothpaste, free-selling whitening gels, mouthwash, strips, trays, and other whitening equipment that you can get from your dentist.

You can also do a teeth whitening procedure at the doctor who will usually give a direct change in the color of the teeth. However, this method of whitening teeth cannot only be done once to get a long-term effect.

You should visit the dentist to schedule regular teeth whitening from time to time to maintain the health and appearance of the shiny white teeth that you want.

People who experience tooth discoloration due to tartar have an effective reaction to bleach. However, this procedure is not recommended for everyone. This method of whitening teeth is considered the most ideal if you have healthy teeth and gums without fillings.

Natural tartar remedy to overcome tooth discoloration

In addition to these methods, there are other ways to whiten teeth, which you can do using natural ingredients at home. The following is a natural tartar drug to deal with tooth discoloration.

1. Baking soda and lemon juice

Baking soda has a rough texture so that it can help lift stains that stick to the teeth. The alkaline nature of baking soda can also neutralize acid in the mouth due to food scraps and bacteria that can damage tooth enamel. In addition, baking soda can act as an acid balancing agent of lemon juice, which functions as a whitener.

You can also take turns using lemon juice and water as a baking soda solvent every few days to avoid tooth decay.

2. Strawberries, salt, and baking soda

Strawberry fruit contains high vitamin C. This serves to destroy the plaque that causes yellow teeth. This fruit is also rich in maleic acid enzymes which will stain stains on the surface of the teeth.

Salt acts as a scrub that will destroy stubborn dirt in the teeth. Baking soda is the ingredient of choice in this home scrub, which you can use or can not, according to your taste.

3. Coconut oil

Coconut oil can be used as a mouthwash that functions as a tartar drug and can be used also to overcome tooth discoloration. Maybe the taste doesn't taste good, but this oil has proven effective in restoring the color of the teeth.

Maybe the effects you experience will not be as effective as "bleaching" done with special tools or directly at the dentist, but the content of lauric acid in coconut oil can eradicate plaques and bacteria that cause yellow teeth. Coconut oil will also maintain healthy gums and bad breath stays fresh.

Also pay attention to diet and limit the habit of eating snacks or snacking. Try replacing snacks with vegetables or fruits, because it can help saliva to neutralize acids produced from dental plaque. And that is no less important, check your teeth regularly every 6 months to the dentist.



1. American Dental Association. Mouth Healthy. Plaque.

2. Murakami, et al. (2018). Dental Plaque–Induced Gingival Conditions. Journal of Clinical Periodontology.

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