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Know the symptoms of congestive heart failure

Former US first lady Barbara Bush died Tuesday (17/4)of congestive heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease she has suffered in recent years. As reported by everydayhealth.com, Barbara had undergone heart surgery in 1999 and was diagnosed with thyroid disease in 1988.

Congestive heart failure is a very serious condition. Heart failure does not mean the heart stops working, but the heart condition becomes weakened. Although it can not be cured perfectly, some people with congestive heart failure can lead a normal life if applying a healthy lifestyle and the consumption of special drugs heart failure.

Congestive heart failure occurs when the heart muscle weakens so it can not pump blood to the full body. Due to the failure of this heart pump, the body does not get enough oxygen and nutrients. The body will try to compensate for this condition by constricting the blood vessels and draining blood to the more needy organs such as the brain and heart.

Heart failure can be caused by many things, such as coronary heart disease, heart attack, heart muscle damage, high blood pressure, heart valve disease, thyroid disease, kidney, and diabetes.

Symptoms of Congestive Heart Failure

Everyone should know the symptoms of congestive heart failure. If you are diagnosed with congestive heart failure, it is important to always record complaints and report new symptoms to your doctor. One or more of the following symptoms can be felt by someone who has congestive heart failure.

Hard to breathe

Shortness of breath is especially felt during the move, but can also occur during rest or sleep. People with heart failure usually have shortness of breath when sleeping on their backs, requiring an additional two pillows on the head to reduce complaints.

Chronic cough

Symptoms of cough in congestive heart failure are usually accompanied by white spots mixed with blood or pink. In heart failure can also occur leakage of fluid to the lungs causing fluid buildup in the lungs.

Swollen

In heart failure, due to reduced blood flow to the kidneys can cause fluid accumulation. As a result, there are symptoms of swelling in the ankles, feet, stomach, or weight gain.

Easily tired

Easy tired

Due to the inability of the heart to pump blood to the body's cells, people with heart failure tend to get tired almost every time.

Nausea or decreased appetite

Still associated with the result of accumulation of fluid in the stomach, this can cause flatulence causing complaints of nausea and decreased appetite.

Confused or difficult to concentrate

Reduced blood flow to the brain can cause confusion or difficulty concentrating.

Rapid heartbeat

Complaints such as pulse, or heart like running fast can be felt by people with congestive heart failure.

In addition to using drugs, lifestyle changes play an important role in the treatment of congestive heart failure. Some things that are recommended for people with heart failure, among others:

  • Limit your salt intake, it is recommended not to exceed 2000 mg of sodium per day. As a rule, 1 teaspoon of salt is equivalent to 2300 mg of sodium.
  • Avoid alcohol.
  • Aerobic exercise can help improve the quality of life of people with heart failure. Do sports with mild-moderate intensity such as walking fast for 20 minutes, at least 3 times per week.
  • Heart failure causes fluid buildup. Therefore, it is necessary to limit daily fluid intake depending on the weight of the disease.
  • Keep your weight from excessive.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Avoid stress.

 

Congestive heart failure is a long-term illness. However, the quality of life of patients can be increased with changes in diet, physical activity, and other healthy lifestyles. With good handling, people with congestive heart failure can still live a normal life. If you feel one or more of the symptoms of heart failure above, immediately consult a doctor.



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