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Leukemia, how to anticipate by recognizing the cause

Cancer can begin anywhere in the body. It begins when the cells grow out of control and the normal cell crowd. This makes the body difficult to work properly. Understanding cancer can help you to know more clearly what the cancer is like.

Although leukemia disease often affects children, but this disease can actually attack a person at any age. There are a number of factors causing leukemia that we need to recognize since this time, it is important in order to facilitate us in doing prevention as much as possible.

As a precaution, you need to recognize this leukemia disease and know the cause.

What is leukemia?

According to the National Cancer Institute of the United States, leukemia is a cancer that occurs in the bone marrow and causes an increase in abnormal white blood cells in the blood. White blood cells are the cells the body needs for immunity, while the bone marrow is the organ that forms the blood cells the body needs such as white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets.




There are two categories of leukemia, namely acute and chronic. Acute leukemia occurs when abnormal blood cells do not develop (immaturely) and can not function normally.

In chronic leukemia, although there are immature cells, but there are also other cells that are normal and can work well. Acute leukemia is subdivided into acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).

Chronic leukemia is divided into chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Acute leukemia is the most common type of attack on children, whereas chronic leukemia is more common in adults or elderly groups, although it may also occur at any age.

Recognize risk factors for leukemia

The exact cause of leukemia is not yet known. However there are several risk factors that can increase the likelihood of a person affected by leukemia. Here are some of them:

  • Genetic factors

The presence of certain genetic disorders - such as Philadelphia chromosome, Klinefelter syndrome, Down syndrome, Bloom syndrome ataxia, telangiectasia and Fanconi syndrome - can increase a person's risk of leukemia. In addition, a person who has a main family (parents or siblings) exposed to leukemia has an increased risk for leukemia is also 2-4 times higher.

The risk is even higher if the leukemia is experienced by twin siblings. If a child has leukemia then the twin can be at high risk of leukemia (1 in 5 twins), especially if leukemia is experienced in the first year of life.

  • Age

Most leukemia (70 percent) occurs in people over the age of 50 years. Patients with leukemia types of AML, CML, and CLL usually occur in adults and the elderly. While ALL is more common in children. It is suspected because chromosomes (genetic material) of white blood cells in the elderly are more susceptible to damage as age increases. In addition, as age increases, DNA decreases the ability to repair itself.

  • Lifestyle

Lifestyle-related factors - such as smoking, excess weight, too frequent and large alcohol consumption, and high sun exposure - may also increase a person's risk of leukemia.

Some studies also suggest that women who consume excessive alcohol during pregnancy may experience an increased risk of having a baby with leukemia. High-antioxidant diets such as fruits and vegetables can help prevent DNA damage from free radicals (pollution, cigarette smoke, and sunlight).

  • Environmental factors

Exposure to radiation or certain chemicals may also increase a person's risk of leukemia. For example, such as high radiation exposure to survivors of the Japanese atomic bomb, an increased risk of leukemia type AML 6-8 years after exposure.

In addition, if the fetus is still in the womb exposed to radiation in the first trimester of pregnancy, it can increase the risk of leukemia during childhood later. Chemical exposure found in cigarettes and solvents used in the drug or plastic manufacturing industry can also increase a person's risk of leukemia.

Leukemia or blood cancer can be experienced by anyone regardless of age. You need to recognize the cause of Leukemia. By recognizing the cause you can take anticipatory steps.





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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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