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Myths and Facts About High Blood Pressure

There are some misunderstood things about high blood pressure or hypertension. The condition of high blood pressure that is not handled properly is the beginning of the emergence of various deadly diseases. There are several things about high blood pressure that have not been properly understood.

Following are some of the misunderstandings that have occurred:

High Blood Pressure Is Not A Big Problem

Blood pressure refers to the pressure in the walls of arteries when blood is pumped by the heart to all members of the body. Blood pumped by the heart flows through blood vessels which can flexibly expand and narrow. High blood pressure or hypertension occurs when your blood presses the blood vessel wall too hard.

This disease is often referred to as a silent killer. Unless you check it, there are no specific symptoms that make you aware that you have high blood pressure. Though this condition is the source of a variety of dangerous diseases such as stroke, heart disease, kidney damage, and other important organs.

If One Blood Pressure Number Is Normal, That Means No Problems

The best time to measure blood pressure is when you are resting and sitting or lying down. Blood pressure is measured by looking at two numbers, below and above a measuring device called tensimeter. The two numbers are:

  • Diastolic blood pressure: a number below that shows lower blood pressure when the heart is resting temporarily, between two heartbeats. The numbers that appear are interpreted as follows:
  • 90 or more: high blood pressure/hypertension.
  • 80-89: prehypertension.
  • 79 or below: normal blood pressure.
  • Systolic blood pressure: the number above that shows blood pressure over arteries from the heart rate.
  • 150 or more: hypertension at the age of more than 60 years.
  • 140 or more: hypertension.
  • 120-139: prehypertension.
  • 119 or below: normal blood pressure.

The problem is that often people only pay attention to systolic numbers rather than diastolic. Even though according to experts, your heart can tolerate higher systolic numbers than diastolic numbers.

Blood pressure can also go up and down with changes in activity and tend to change with your age. When you age, systolic blood pressure tends to rise, while diastolic blood pressure tends to fall.

Consult your doctor if your blood pressure tends to be above normal.

High Blood Pressure Cannot Be Prevented

You have a chance of developing high blood pressure if a family member has already been detected. But that does not mean that this condition cannot be prevented. There are several steps you can take to manage blood pressure, even if you have many risk factors:

  • Healthy diet. Always choose foods that are high in nutrients and low in sugar, fat, and salt.
  • Stop smoking and avoid becoming passive smokers or often exposed to cigarette smoke.
  • Exercise regularly. Move actively or better, exercise 20-30 minutes every day.
  • Limit or if possible, avoid drinking liquor.
  • Keep your body weight normal by combining regular exercise and a healthy diet.
  • Limit the consumption of salt that is contained in many snacks.
  • Deal with stress. Stress makes your body produce chemicals that can make blood vessels narrow and your heart beat faster.

You can also consult with your doctor about these preventative measures as soon as your family member has been detected with high blood pressure.

Handling High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure can be caused by many different things and requires different treatments. Consult your doctor to design the right treatment for you. It is true that often times it will take to lower high blood pressure to a normal level. Generally, high blood pressure is managed in the main ways such as the following:

  • Maintain weight. Excessive body weight can be a risk for high blood pressure. Regular exercise and eating healthy foods are the two main ways to maintain weight stability.
  • Quit smoking. Smoking damages the heart and blood pressure and makes blood pressure rise.
  • Low fat and salt diet. In addition to eating lots of fresh fruits and vegetables, you are advised to avoid high levels of salt and fat.
  • Medicines are commonly used to treat high blood pressure. The dosage and combination of these drugs are different for each person. Drugs commonly used are:
  • Beta-blockers. That is a class of drugs that prevent the body from producing stress hormones called adrenaline. In addition to making blood vessels narrow, adrenaline makes the heart beat faster. So, the effect of adrenaline is rising blood pressure.
  • These drugs make the body reduce fluid levels in the body by removing excessive salt.
  • Calcium block blockers, alpha-blockers, and ACE inhibitors. This group of drugs serves to prevent the narrowing of the arteries.

Treatment is Useless

High blood pressure can be managed with a program that is considered appropriate though. The steps for high blood pressure not to be a source of disease, namely to take drugs that are prescribed regularly. Not to forget, to check blood pressure regularly and consult a doctor. Know the side effects of the drugs you consume to treat high blood pressure.

Nosebleeds Are Symptoms Of High Blood Pressure

Except in the case of a hypertensive crisis, nosebleeds are not an indicator that can be relied upon as a sign or characteristic of high blood pressure. In one study, 17 percent of people who experienced a high blood pressure crisis in the hospital experienced nosebleeds. However, 83 percent reported not experiencing such symptoms.

Keep in mind that nosebleeds can be caused by a variety of factors, the most common cause is dry air. The nasal lining contains many small blood vessels that can bleed easily.

In hot climates or hot air in the room, it can cause the nasal membrane to dry out and make the nose more susceptible to bleeding. Other causes include overly strong sides; allergic diseases, runny nose, sinusitis or aberrant septum; and side effects of some anticoagulant drugs such as warfarin or aspirin.



1. National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health (2018). High Blood Pressure. 

2. Berkeley Wellness (2018). University of California. Blood Pressure: Getting It Right.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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