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Recognize 9 Factors Affecting Women's Fertility

Women's fertility decreases with age. However, there are a number of other things that can affect a woman's fertility rate, making it difficult to get pregnant.

Fertility factors are an important concern for husbands and wives who want children. Women are more sensitive to fertility problems. Starting from daily habits to age is a fertility factor in women, with increasing age, women's fertility will decline. Not only age, lifestyle factors also play a major role in influencing a woman's chances of getting pregnant.

A number of studies show that most of the factors that influence women's fertility can actually be overcome early.

The following are some other factors related to female fertility:

1. Genetic factors

If you have a mother who has menopause earlier, then you will most likely experience the same thing. According to experts, there are certain genetic factors that might make you born with more eggs, or fewer than usual.

2. Increasing age

If a woman has reached menopause, usually in her 50s, she can no longer produce eggs and cannot get pregnant. But a few years before menopause, a woman will experience fertility problems because the number of eggs is reduced. There are no exact numbers when female fertility will decrease, but most doctors say the age above 35 years the chance of pregnancy will decrease.

3. Obesity

According to William Schlaff, MD, chair of the obstetrics and gynecology department at Jefferson Medical College, overweight can actually affect hormones in women, making it difficult for women to get pregnant, because they will experience decreased ovarian function.

Another fact from a study published in Fertility and Sterility also found that women who were obese at the age of 18 were more likely to develop the syndrome of developing polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and had problems with infertility. PCOS is the most common hormonal disorder among women of childbearing age and the main cause of infertility.

4. Too skinny

A body that is too thin can also cause infertility in women. Thin women tend to have low levels of leptin hormone. This hormone functions to control hunger and feeling full.

According to a study at Harvard University in 2009, low levels of leptin contributed to the disruption of menstruation. Maintaining an ideal weight in a healthy way — eating healthy foods and light exercise — is one of the most important things to increase the chances of pregnancy.

5. Exposure to chemicals

According to a 2013 study published in Environmental Health Perspectives, exposure to pollutants, pesticides and industrial compounds can reduce a couple's ability to have children up to 29 percent. In addition, a study at the University of Washington in 2015 found that 15 chemicals from beauty products were associated with causes of early menopause.

6. Smoke

Not only does it interfere with fetal development, smoking can also affect a woman's chances of becoming pregnant. According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, smoking can increase infertility by up to 13 percent. In addition, cigarette smoke can also disrupt hormones and damage the DNA of men and women. Even according to experts, women who are only exposed to secondhand smoke are at risk of developing endocrine dysfunction and experiencing significant fertility problems.

Read Also : Diseases of Smokers that Are Dangerous to Health

7. Alcohol

A 2004 Swedish study of 7,000 women over 18 years found that those who like to consume alcoholic drinks more often seek fertility-enhancing drugs. In addition, alcohol consumption during the early stages of pregnancy (even before conception) has been linked to preterm birth.

8. Heavy exercise

Exercise can keep your body weight ideal, strong and full of energy. However, exercising excessively can actually adversely affect health and affect ovulation. Ovulation is (the process of releasing mature eggs from the ovary). A 2012 study published in Fertility and Sterility found that women who exercised more than five hours a week had difficulty getting pregnant.

9. Thyroid Disorders

One of the fertility factors is thyroid disorders that can affect the ovulation process and pregnancy. Therefore, there is nothing wrong to check thyroid levels if you are not pregnant too.

Thus an explanation of the factors that can affect women's fertility. To maintain fertility and avoid problems with difficult pregnancy, you need to adopt a healthy lifestyle such as paying attention to food intake, exercising regularly, and avoiding cigarettes and alcohol.

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