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Recognize Symptoms of Pneumonia

Because the attacks are often considered normal, such as influenza, the danger of pneumonia is often underestimated. Moreover, his theory says that this disease more often affects groups of toddlers and the elderly. As a result, more and more people who consider this disease trivial. In fact, the fact is that pneumonia can haunt anyone. Experts commonly simplify this disease as a lung tract infection.

To recognize the symptoms of pneumonia is indeed easy and difficult. It's easy because the effect on the body is easily felt. For example. Fever, cough accompanied by green mucus or rust color, and shortness of breath, can be up to 20-30 times per minute. It is difficult, if observed, the symptoms are similar to the characteristics of influenza. Then, what are the symptoms of pneumonia?

Unequal Symptoms

The expert said, the symptoms of pneumonia varied greatly. This is influenced by the severity. Not only that, the diversity of symptoms of pneumonia is also influenced by the type of bacteria that triggers infection, age, and the health condition of the sufferer. Even so, there are at least some common symptoms that usually appear in people with pneumonia, such as:

  • Fever
  • Dry cough or thick cough with phlegm yellow or green
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Sweating and shivering
  • Breath is short and breathless
  • Pain in the chest when breathing or coughing


In addition, there are symptoms or effects of pneumonia which are quite rare, but can still appear, for example:

  • Headache
  • Nervous and tired
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Cough accompanied by blood
  • Nervous and tired
  • Cough accompanied by blood


Some of the symptoms above can occur in people who have pneumonia and will last around 24-48 hours. However, this also depends on the condition of each individual.

Until now, pneumonia is still the highest cause of death in infants. Based on UNICEF data, there were 5.9 million children under the age of five who died in 2015.

Symptoms of pneumonia in children under the age of five, can make them experience rapid and irregular breathlessness. Whereas in infants, they may experience vomiting, weakness, no energy, and difficulty eating and drinking.

In addition, the following symptoms can occur when pneumonia attacks the child:

  • Cough
  • Wheezing or breathing sounds
  • Nasal congestion
  • The chest feels painful
  • Shivering
  • Appetite decreases
  • Hard to rest
  • Pale and lethargic
  • The abdomen hurts
  • In severe cases, the color of the lips and finger nails can turn bluish or gray

Types of pneumonia

Pneumonia can be grouped in several ways, namely based on the cause, where the disease is found, and how the wet lung is transmitted.

Type of pneumonia based on the cause

  • Bacterial pneumonia. The bacteria that most often cause the condition of the wet lungs are Streptococcus pneumoniae. Meanwhile, Chlamydophlla pneumonia and Legionella pneumophila are also bacteria that cause wet lungs.
  • Viral pneumonia. Viruses are often the cause of pneumonia in children. Usually, disorders caused by this virus, are not too serious and only occur for a short time rather than health problems caused by bacteria.
  • Mycoplasma pneumonia. Mycoplasma is an organism that is not derived from viruses or bacteria, but can cause the same disorder. Usually, this type of wet lung is experienced by children who are already teenagers and young adults.
  • Mushroom pneumonia. This type of disease often attacks patients who have chronic diseases or people who have a low immune system. The fungus that causes pneumonia usually comes from the ground.

Pneumonia based on the location of the infection

  • Nosocomial pneumonia. If you experience this type of disorder, it means that you get the disease when in the hospital. This disease is considered more serious than other wet lung conditions, because usually infecting bacteria tend to be immune to antibiotics.
  • Community pneumonia. That is, this infectious disease is obtained from the surrounding environment.

Pneumonia based on the method of transmission

  • Aspiration pneumonia. This disease occurs when food, water, saliva, and even stomach acid enter the lung tract. This usually occurs in people who experience a disorder of chewing, have a nervous system disorder, or are under the influence of alcohol.
  • Ventilator pneumonia. Pneumonia infection is acquired after using a ventilator.

Who Is More Vulnerable?

Remember, although most of these diseases attack toddlers and the elderly, everyone can suffer from this disease. Well, the following categories are vulnerable to this disease.

  • Infants or children under two years
  • Elderly over 65 years.
  • Patients in hospitals, especially those who use ventilators.
  • People with chronic diseases, such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
  • Active and passive smokers.
  • Those who have a low immune system. For example, people with autoimmune diseases or people who are undergoing chemotherapy.

What should I do when I have pneumonia?

Care at home must also be considered to prevent infection from invading the lungs again. Here are tips if you are undergoing a recovery period from lung infection at home:

  • Enough rest. Do not return to normal activities first if the symptoms of your infection have not healed properly, especially the body temperature is still high. Even though you feel better, you should not be too tired and push yourself. This can make your immune system weak again and the infection can return later.
  • Drink enough water. Keeping your body well hydrated can help you reduce the amount of mucus or phlegm in the lungs.
  • Take drugs in accordance with the recommendations. You should consume the drug according to the recommendations given. If you are asked to take antibiotics, it is better to spend the drug. Because, if not spent, infectious bacteria can be immune to the drugs you consume.

How to prevent it?

In many cases, this infection can be prevented. Some precautions that can be taken so as not to get pneumonia are by administering vaccines and avoiding various risk factors from this disease.

Vaccination. Vaccines are considered a powerful way to avoid lung infections. usually, there are vaccines that are specifically pneumonia and there are vaccines to ward off flu - because infections often occur after the flu. to find out which one is right for you to get, you should consult this with your doctor.

Ensure that children also get vaccines. Pneumonia in children can also be prevented by means of vaccines. Usually vaccines given to children under the age of 2 years with children aged 2-5 years are different. Because pneumonia in children is quite dangerous, you should immediately give a vaccine to your child and discuss this with your pediatrician.

Apply a clean lifestyle. Because pneumonia is an infectious disease, to reduce risk, you must maintain personal, family and environmental hygiene. It is often to wash hands with soap and clean water that flows so that bacteria and viruses do not stick to the surface of the skin.

Stay away from cigarettes. This habit will only make your respiratory tract infected, including lung organs.

Make a healthy lifestyle. This aims to maintain your overall health. In addition, by eating healthy foods and exercising regularly, you will have a strong immune system and be able to ward off various foreign substances into the body.

Read more : Pneumonia: complications and treatment

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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