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Recognize the Signs of a Baby Dehydrated

Babies and children are prone to dehydration. When your child is dehydrated, he can't talk to you. In fact, the condition of lack of body fluids can be dangerous for him, especially if not handled properly. Know the signs of dehydration here.

Dehydration occurs when the body does not get enough fluid so that the performance of organs is disturbed. This condition is easiest to approach the baby, because his body weight is still low, plus the metabolic rate in infants is higher when compared to adults. So that makes it sensitive if you lose fluid, even though it's a little.

Causes and Signs of Dehydrated Babies

In addition to the above, babies whose immune function is still weak and developing are susceptible to infection. When sick, the baby's body is at high risk of dehydration.

Here are some other factors that can also make a baby dehydrated, namely:

1. Fever

Fever is a condition that often makes babies dehydrated. When a fever occurs, there is evaporation of excess water from the skin due to hot temperatures. Then the little one will sweat a lot because the body tries to reduce its body temperature. The higher the fever experienced by the Little One, the more likely he is to become dehydrated.

2. Diarrhea and vomiting

These two conditions often occur when the gastrointestinal tract is in trouble, such as when you have gastroenteritis.

When diarrhea strikes, babies cannot absorb fluids from their intestines properly, while plenty of fluid is wasted due to continuous bowel movements.

Vomiting also drains his body fluids. Both of these conditions can make it fever so that even more fluid comes out.

3. Lack of drinking

Lack of fluids such as when you don't get enough milk can make your baby dehydrated. Some possibilities that make him refuse to drink are teething, runny nose, canker sores, or other mouth diseases. This condition can make the mouth and throat painful and uncomfortable when drinking.

4. Sweating

Hot air or wearing layers of clothing can make the little one sweats a lot and drains his body fluids.

Dehydration has levels, some are mild and easily handled, moderate, or severe. Severe dehydration can be life-threatening if not treated immediately. Following are the characteristics of mild and moderate dehydration:

  • His mouth and lips look dry.
  • No tears when crying.
  • Looks fussy and less willing to play.
  • It is not strong to breastfeeding as usual.
  • The urine color looks darker and it smells more stinging than usual.
  • The diaper is dry, even though it has been used for more than 6 hours.

While very severe dehydration is characterized by:

  • Cold hands and feet.
  • The body looks pale.
  • The eyes and crown of the little one appear
  • Very weak and sleepy.
  • Hard to breathe.

Handle Dehydration Properly

If not treated immediately, dehydration can endanger the Little One. So, if you see signs of a dehydrated baby, immediately do the following:

  • If your child has diarrhea, fever, or excessive sweating, give more breast milk or formula milk than usual. Electrolyte drinks, such as ORS, can also be given if the baby is over 3 months old.
  • If the body fluids are reduced due to vomiting, do not immediately give him large amounts of fluids at once. Try giving small amounts of fluids frequently. The liquid you can give is breast milk, formula milk, or electrolyte drinks. You can give him a spoonful of liquid every 10 minutes for several hours. After the condition looks better, give 2 spoons every 5 minutes.
  • Pain in the baby's mouth that makes him refuse to drink can be overcome by giving him medication, such as paracetamol. This medicine can also be given to help relieve fever. This medicine can be given if the baby is 6 months old and above.

Diarrhea due to infection in the baby's gastrointestinal tract is most often caused by a virus. This condition will improve by itself if adequate home care.

Giving antibiotics does not need to be given every time a child has diarrhea, this drug is only effective if the child has diarrhea due to bacterial infection. Therefore, it is important to check the condition of the child to the doctor to determine the cause of dehydration.

In addition to the methods above, if your child is dehydrated because of hot air, you can give more fluid than usual and cool the room temperature. Giving enough fluids can also help lower the baby's body temperature, in addition to administering medication.

Immediately check your child to the pediatrician if the dehydration he experiences is severe, or does not improve. If the dehydration experienced is severe, or the condition is getting weaker, then the Little One needs to get close care and monitoring in the hospital.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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