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Risks and Dangers of Cavity Tooth Disease

Cavity is the most common dental disease experienced by almost everyone in the world, so it is considered normal. In fact, if cavities are neglected to severe, eventually it can be fatal to health.

Why do dental problems that are considered trivial can actually be fatal to the overall health of the body? Because if not handled properly, cavities can cause infection in the body's tissues. This infection originates from bacteria in cavities that spread into other body tissues. If you have multiplied in a tissue, then it's just a matter of time to infect your other organs.

The Risk Behind Cavities For The Body

Oral and dental health has a close relationship with general body health. Oral health will have an impact on the overall health condition of the body, and otherwise.

The condition of cavities causes toothache. This will certainly cause your concentration and daily activities to be disrupted. If a toothache occurs for a long time, be prepared to lose weight, because a tooth that is sick can make chewing difficult and the sufferer has no appetite. The cavities if allowed to continue can cause tooth abscesses, namely the growth of pus bags in the teeth and gums.

The risk of other cavities that can develop is endocarditis and sinusitis. Endocarditis is an infection that occurs in the inner lining of the heart chamber and your heart valve. Germs from cavities can also spread to the walls of the sinus cavity and cause sinus infections or sinusitis.

Pregnant women must also be vigilant, because bacteria that enter the bloodstream can spread throughout the body, including the uterus and fetus. This increases the risk of giving birth to a premature baby due to the growth of the fetus which is disturbed by the infection. Impaired fetal growth can also cause low birth weight in infants.

Cavities can cause various diseases until death

Cavities will be marked by discoloration of the teeth, you can recognize them with black, gray or brown stains - in the form of lines or dots that will eventually widen. When not treated for a long time, the pulp layer will become infected and then form an abscess around the bone of the tooth. If so, it will cause pain and fever in patients.

If not treated, tooth abscesses will spread into the tissue space, the swelling also occurs on the face and skin. Tooth abscesses also cause infection of space tissue and can cause shortness of breath, difficulty swallowing, and death. Cases of cavities that continue to die are rare, but not impossible. This occurs when the infection from the cavities spreads to the brain.

In addition, cavities have a relationship with heart disease. The closest explanation is cavities can cause gum problems. Here researchers found that gum pain increases the risk of heart disease. They also argue that a worsening heart condition can also be caused by inflammation caused by periodontal problems (gum disease). Similarly, strokes. The problem of oral infection is found in people with cerebrovascular ischemia - a condition where there is not enough blood flow to the brain, which triggers ischemic stroke. Both of these diseases can cause death.

Cavities also cause various diseases. One of them is Rheumatoid - a long-lasting autoimmune disorder that has an impact on joint pain. Patients with this disease must remove the abscess teeth because removing infected tissue can help regain the health of the patient. Likewise, with an intestinal (gastrointestinal) disease, oral infections can be the trigger because you constantly swallow pus from the gums and teeth.

Prevent Preventing Better Options

Although the steps to resolving cavities are more and easier, prevention measures are still the wisest choice. Here are some actions to treat teeth that can be done.

  • Visit a dentist

Visiting a dentist regularly is a wise step to prevent you from dental problems. Consult with experts is of course needed to prevent things that are not desirable.

  • Healthy diet

The most dominant cause of cavities is a heap of sugar which is converted to acid by bacteria in the mouth. Therefore, reduce the consumption of food and drinks that are too sweet. The more often you chew and drink foods full of sugar, the more acid is produced by bacteria.

To prevent you from cavities, chewing gum containing xylitol can help. Apart from helping to clean teeth, gum containing xylitol can reduce the development of bacteria that cause cavities.

  • Brush your teeth regularly

Brushing your teeth twice a day must be done to clean leftovers in the mouth. Even if you can't do it after you finish eating, rinse your mouth to reduce leftovers in your mouth.

Use toothpaste containing fluoride to prevent cavities. This compound is useful for maintaining a protective layer of teeth and preventing tooth loss.

  • Drinking enough water

One of the functions of saliva is to distribute fluoride to all parts of the teeth so that the risk of cavities is increasingly minimal. In order for saliva production to remain optimal, help by drinking enough water.

Have you taken precautions to minimize the risk of cavities? If so, then you have also minimized the risk of getting some dangerous diseases. Do not delay to see a dentist if there are complaints of toothache.



1. Petersen, P. & Ogawa, H. WHO (2016). Prevention of Dental Caries Through the Use of Fluoride – the WHO Approach.

2. Webmd (2016). Cavities.

3. Higuera, V. & Frank, C. Healthline (2017). Tooth Cavities.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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