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Sleep deprivation these five conditions you will experience

The need for sleep equals the importance of the human need to eat and breathe. Lack of sleep if accustomed can cause various adverse effects on health. Then, what happens if we lack sleep?

Sleep has an important role in the body. At the time of sleep, the body will improve themselves, both physical and mental conditions, so we feel fresh and energized when waking up, and ready to undergo activities throughout the day. In addition, sleep also helps the process of growth, especially in children and adolescents, because at the time of sleep growth hormone issued.

What Can Happen If You Lack Sleep

Every person's sleeping needs are not the same. But in general, it takes quality sleep for 7 - 9 hours every day, so that the above important functions can run optimally. For children and adolescents, sleep needs range from 8 to 10 hours each day.

Inadequate sleep needs can cause you to look tired when waking up, yawning all day, and difficult to concentrate. Some of the following may also occur if you are often sleep-deprived:

1. Suffering from a serious illness

A total of 9 out of 10 people suffering from insomnia was also suffering from various serious diseases. Insomnia itself is a condition of someone who is difficult to sleep or difficult to sleep soundly.

One serious illness that can be suffered by people with insomnia is heart disease, either in the form of heart rhythm disorders (arrhythmias), heart failure, and heart attacks. Know that sleep plays an important role in the body's ability to repair damage to blood vessels and heart. That is why people who sleep less are more susceptible to heart disease.

Patients with insomnia are at higher risk of developing diabetes, obesity, stroke, high blood pressure, cancer, and mental health problems such as mood disorders and anxiety.

2. Decreased sex performance

The men and women who are sleep deprived reportedly decreased the desire to have sexual intercourse and have lower levels of sexual satisfaction. Their desires and interests are lessened by fatigue, drowsiness, and increased stress due to lack of sleep. For men who suffer from sleep apnea, where there are breathing problems that interfere with sleep, there may be other factors that have an impact on the lack of sexual interest, namely testosterone levels. At least half of the men with sleep apnea are reported to have low testosterone levels.

3. Accelerate premature aging

What will you see on the faces of people who sleep less? Pale skin and puffy eyes, right? If sleep deprivation persists, the skin becomes dull, fine wrinkles develop, and dark circles under the eyes. This is due to increased production of the hormone cortisol in people who lack sleep. Excessive hormone cortisol can destroy collagen, which serves to smooth and maintain skin elasticity. Lack of sleep also leads to reduced production of growth hormone, which plays a role in increasing muscle mass, thickening the skin, and strengthening bones.

4. Decrease memory

Sleep is the time to incorporate the things that have been learned and experienced throughout the day into short-term memory systems. At bedtime, nerve connections that support a person's memory strengthen. If the sleep time is interrupted, automatically the ability of the brain to process and store the memory will be disturbed. Research also shows that sleep deprivation, in the long run, can lead to decreased brain's ability to think and process information.

Lack of sleep will lead to someone drowsy, which is one of the reasons people forget. Drowsiness also causes a loss of ability to concentrate. If this continues, then do not be surprised if your memory weakens.

5. Easy to get sick and hard to heal

The immune system produces proteins called cytokines. Cytokines are needed to help the body fight infections, inflammation, and stress. As we sleep, the body releases the cytokine. If we lack sleep, then the production of this cytokine will also be reduced.

Lack of sleep also causes decreased ability of the immune system and cell performance in fighting infection. This, of course, can adversely affect the robustness of the immune system against infection, and the speed of the healing process naturally.

6. Cause Death

Research studies in the UK show that people who have irregular sleep patterns or schedules that do not allow them to sleep adequately regularly have a higher mortality rate than those who sleep regularly enough.

Especially, the problem in patients suffering from sleep deprivation seems to have a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases (heart and blood vessels), such as heart attacks and high blood pressure.

In addition to causing various health problems above, lack of sleep is also responsible for the number of traffic accidents and accidents at work.

Although it sounds trivial, lack of sleep is left continuously in the long run, will have adverse health effects. If you often have trouble sleeping, you should consult a doctor to get a further examination and proper handling.


Last updated: July 21, 2019



1. Asif, et al. NCBI (2017). Human immune system during sleep. American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Immunology, 6(6), pp. 92–96.

2. National Sleep Foundation (2015). National Sleep Foundation Recommends New Sleep Times.

3. Pietrangelo, A. & Watson, S. (2017). The Effects of Sleep Deprivation on Your Body.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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