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The Dangers of Smoking to the Body

The danger of smoking has been proven to cause various chronic diseases such as coronary heart disease, lung cancer, obstructive pulmonary disease and stroke. In fact, these diseases are only part of the danger of smoking to health.

The reason is, there are many other dangers of smoking that a smoker does not realize. For example a decrease in endurance so they are more susceptible to infectious diseases. This tends to occur briefly and may cause health impacts on the daily life of a smoker. Check out the full review of the dangers of smoking for health.

Content in Harmful Cigarettes

Why are cigarettes so dangerous and what are the other negative effects of smoking? The danger of smoking can be caused by the ingredients contained in a cigarette.

More than 4000 chemicals are contained in it. At least 60 of these chemicals can cause cancer. Hazardous ingredients in a cigarette, including:

Carbon monoxide

This substance that cannot be seen or felt, is often found in car exhaust fumes. This substance can bind itself to hemoglobin in the blood permanently, thus blocking the supply of oxygen to all parts of the body. This carbon monoxide tends to make you feel out of breath and also become more easily tired.


When smoking, the tar content in cigarettes will be sucked. This substance will settle in your lungs and have a negative impact on the performance of fine hair lining the lungs. In fact, the hair is responsible for pushing germs and other foreign particles out of your lungs. Tar in cigarette smoke contains various carcinogenic chemicals, which can trigger the development of cancer cells in the body.

Oxidant gas

This gas can react with oxygen. The presence of oxidants in the body increases the risk of strokes and heart attacks.


Substances added to these fuel oils can damage cells at the genetic level. This substance is also associated with various types of cancers such as kidney cancer and leukemia.

In addition to the ingredients above, there are still many toxic chemicals in a cigarette such as arsenic (used in pesticides), formalin or formaldehyde (used to preserve corpses), hydrogen cyanide (used to make chemical weapons), and ammonia.

Various Health Problems Due to Smoking

The chemicals contained in cigarettes are very dangerous for your health and also those around you. The dangers of smoking for health include:


One of the most dangerous effects of smoking is lung cancer. Chemicals in cigarettes have the potential to damage lung cells which can then turn into cancer cells. Other serious diseases that you can experience are bronchitis, pneumonia, and emphysema.

Mouth and throat

Bad breath and stained teeth are the effects that will arise due to smoking. Gum disease and sensory damage can also arise due to the danger of smoking. A serious problem that will occur in the mouth and throat is the increased risk of cancer of the tongue, throat, lips and vocal cords.

Cardiovascular Disorders

When you smoke, you will be more likely to have a heart attack. Smokers have a risk of two to four times higher heart disease. The risk is even higher if you are a female smoker who is taking birth control pills.

When smoking, you enter harmful substances that can have a negative effect on the body, especially the heart, for example nicotine. When nicotine enters the body, it can reduce oxygen levels which can enter the blood. This addictive substance can also accelerate heart rate, raise blood pressure, damage blood vessels in the heart, and increase the possibility of blood clots that can trigger a heart attack. Likewise with bad consequences for other organs.

The danger of smoking can also be felt by people who don't smoke at all. Cigarette smoke can cause heart disease and lung cancer in passive smokers, ie people who don't smoke but still breathe the smoke.


The danger of smoking can increase the risk of stroke by 50 percent. This can cause brain damage and death. Smoking can also increase the risk of developing brain aneurysms. Brain aneurysms are swollen blood vessels that occur due to weakening of the blood vessel walls. At times it can rupture and cause bleeding in the brain.


Smoking can weaken the muscles that control the bottom of your esophagus. This allows the acid from the stomach to move in the wrong direction, which is going up into the esophagus. This condition is called gastric acid or GERD. Some of the risks of other stomach diseases that can occur in a smoker are ulcers or gastric ulcers and gastric cancer.


Toxins in cigarettes can cause fragility in the bones. Therefore, smokers are more at risk of developing brittle bones or osteoporosis. Women who smoke are more prone to osteoporosis than non-smokers.


Smokers will look older than non-smokers, due to lack of oxygen intake to the skin. Early aging will be felt, such as the appearance of wrinkles around the eyes and mouth. Cigarette poison can also cause cellulite on the skin.

Reproductive organs

Smoking can interfere with your reproductive system and fertility. In men, smoking can cause impotence, reduce sperm production, and testicular cancer. While in women, smoking can reduce fertility. In addition, the risk of cervical cancer is higher because smoking reduces the body's natural ability to fight infection with human papillomavirus or HPV.

Psychological disorder

Besides physical illness, smokers also experience higher stress levels than those who don't smoke. During this time you might think smoking can make you more relaxed. You consider the nicotine content to calm your mind, but it turns out it's wrong. What makes smokers nervous and anxious is the withdrawal symptoms of nicotine. By smoking, addiction to nicotine will be fulfilled and smokers feel like cigarettes reduce stress.

Why can smoking affect the body's immune system?

Cigarettes have various poisons from the chemicals they contain. The most important danger of smoking for health comes from poison carcinogens (cancer-causing) and carbon monoxide in cigarette smoke. Both of these substances will be inhaled in the respiratory tract, which in turn can trigger organ damage and decreased function of the heart, blood vessels, and respiratory system organs.

As a result, the body will be more difficult to fight the seeds of disease that are in the environment because they have to deal with organ damage and fight poisons from exposure to cigarette smoke.

By smoking, that means someone will be more likely to be exposed to toxins from smoke than cigarettes with a frequency that is more frequent and a long time. The same thing can be experienced by passive smokers. Even the dangers of smoking for health will be more likely to increase if passive smokers breathe the breath released by active smokers.

Can reducing the dangers of cigarettes to health?

Quitting smoking is the best way to avoid a decrease in endurance to get worse. When a person stops smoking, most of his immune system will get better by itself. This will generally run optimally as long as the person does not have a serious infectious disease such as pneumonia and respiratory tract organ damage.

There are a number of things you can do to reduce the dangers of smoking to health when you are trying to quit smoking, including:

  • Improve diet. Meeting the needs of vitamins and minerals will speed up the recovery of the body's resistance. If necessary, complete with certain supplements.
  • Fulfill your intake of vitamin D. Vitamin D is an important component in maintaining endurance. You can fulfill your vitamin D intake from sun exposure or fruit and vegetables.
  • Active moves will help facilitate the circulation of oxygen which is beneficial in the function of the heart and blood vessels so that it can strengthen your body's immune system.
  • Avoid sources of disease transmission. Exposure to infectious diseases can occur anywhere. However, avoid patterns of transmission that are very risky such as when in the hospital and contact people who have an infectious disease. Termination of transmission can also be done by maintaining personal hygiene and the environment.


Indeed, not all smokers will die of heart disease, lung cancer, or stroke, but smoking habits can be very detrimental to health and reduce the quality of your life. The danger of smoking that you can feel everyday is coughing, shortness of breath, fatigue easier, more susceptible to infection, or experiencing sleep disorders characterized by difficulty breathing at night and then feeling tired in the morning.

Maybe you are used to hearing the dangers of smoking to the body, but you still do not stop smoking because you feel your health is still fine at this time. Keep in mind, smoking is just like saving poisons on the body which can gradually accumulate if done continuously. That way, the risk of suffering from the disease will be higher in old age. Not only you, the closest people will feel the effects because they are inhaling toxic cigarette smoke. Therefore, immediately stop this harmful habit.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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