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The Diet of Poor Pregnant Women Can Trigger Birth Defects!

Diet during pregnancy is important to note, because poor diet can increase the risk of babies born with disabilities. Find out how to set the right diet to support the health of the womb.

It is not enough just to avoid consuming dangerous foods while pregnant, it is also necessary to consume healthy foods, so that the nutritional needs of the fetus can be fulfilled. Nutrition during pregnancy is needed for the development of various organs of the fetus until it is ready to be born.

Effect of Food on Fetal Development

Food consumed every day during pregnancy will affect the development of the fetus in the womb. Not just filling, nutritional content in food also needs pregnant women to pay attention to support the growth and development of the fetus.

To apply a healthy diet during pregnancy, pregnant women need to ensure that the food consumed contains carbohydrates, protein, healthy fats, fiber, vitamins and minerals. Also make sure the body is well hydrated so that the health of pregnant women and fetus in the womb is maintained.




Various Risks of Birth Babies due to Lack of Nutrition

There are various risks of birth defects that can be caused by poor eating patterns during pregnancy, such as:

1. Spina bifida

Spina bifida is a condition of neural tube defects caused by a lack of folic acid intake during pregnancy. This condition is characterized by a gap in the fetal spine.

To prevent babies from suffering from spina bifida, ensure that the daily intake of folic acid daily pregnant women is fulfilled properly. The trick is to increase the consumption of foods containing folate or you can also take folate supplements according to the doctor's recommendation.

Read Also : List of Foods Containing Folic Acid

2. Anensefali

As with spina bifida, anencephaly is a condition of neural tube defects caused by a lack of folic acid intake during pregnancy. Anencephaly causes the fetus's brain, scalp, and skull not to form properly.

3. Cleft lip

Lack of intake of folic acid and vitamin A in the first trimester of pregnancy can increase the risk of babies born with disabilities with cleft lip conditions and cleft palate.

Therefore, pregnant women are recommended to increase the consumption of foods containing both nutrients so that the risk of babies born with cleft lip conditions can be minimized.

4. Congenital heart disease

Pregnant women who lack the intake of vitamin B2 (riboflavin) and B3 (niacin) are at high risk of giving birth to babies with congenital heart disease. The risk will increase if pregnant women also like to eat foods high in saturated fat.

5. Gastroschisis

Gastroschisis is a birth defect in the baby's stomach wall where the baby's intestines come out through a hole in the navel side. If you have a body mass index that is too low, coupled with a lack of protein or zinc intake, pregnant women are at risk of giving birth to babies with gastroschisis conditions.

6. Congenital diaphragmatic hernias

Lack of consumption of vitamin B12, vitamin E, retinol, calcium and selenium during pregnancy can make pregnant women at high risk of giving birth to babies with congenital diaphragmatic hernias. The condition of birth defects is characterized by the presence of a hole in the diaphragm membrane, so that the organs in the baby's abdominal cavity into the chest cavity.

Eating healthy foods during pregnancy is an important part of fulfilling daily nutritional needs. To be clearer, consult your obstetrician to find out the right nutritional intake in accordance with the health condition of pregnant women.





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