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The Effects of Excess Vitamins You Need to Know

Vitamins are needed by the body. But make no mistake, excess vitamins are also not good and can endanger health. The danger of excess vitamins has different effects on health, depending on the type of vitamin.

Vitamins are substances needed by the body to support cell function and maintain health. Examples are the benefits of vitamin A for eye health, the benefits of vitamin C for endurance, the benefits of vitamin D for bone health, and the benefits of vitamin E for skin health. Besides being obtained from natural food ingredients, vitamin intake can also be in the form of supplements.

The danger of excess vitamin

Vitamins can be divided into water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins. Examples of water-soluble vitamins are B and C. While examples of fat-soluble vitamins are A, D, E, and K.

Each vitamin can cause health problems if consumed in excess. However, fat-soluble vitamins have a higher risk because they can accumulate in the body.




1. Vitamin A

Vitamin A has many benefits, and one of them is to maintain healthy eyes and skin. However, excessive consumption of vitamin A can increase the risk of bones becoming porous (osteoporosis). Also, research shows that consumption of vitamin A more than 1.5 milligrams per day can increase the risk of fractures.

If you have consumed foods that contain lots of vitamin A, such as fish oil, milk, eggs, and liver, then you should reduce or no longer take vitamin A supplements.

2. Vitamin B

Vitamin B is divided into B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7 B9, and B12. Natural sources of B vitamins are from vegetables, fruits, nuts, eggs, and liver. If this vitamin is consumed in excess, it can cause nausea, liver disorders, skin redness, and stinging.

  • Vitamin B1

Too much vitamin B1 can irritate the stomach and cause allergies. Also, the side effects of too much vitamin B1 intake can make the lips turn blue and shortness of breath.

  • Vitamins B2

If taking vitamin B2 supplements with high doses, it can cause the urine to turn yellow-orange. Also, potentially diarrhea increases urine frequency. triggers allergic reactions such as itching, swelling on the face, lips, and tongue.

  • Vitamin B3

Overdose of vitamin B3 can cause itching, abdominal pain, redness of the skin followed by dizziness (especially in the face, arms, and chest), joint pain, diarrhea or increase heart rate faster.

  • Vitamin B5

Excess pantothenic acid (vitamin B5) is exactly the same as other types of B vitamins that can cause diarrhea. In addition, if the body of excess vitamins can cause allergies and swelling.

  • Vitamin B6

There are some serious side effects if you consume too much vitamin B6 such as numbness in the legs and hands become stiff. It can also cause the sensation of touch, temperature, and vibration.

  • Vitamin B12

There are various potential side effects of Vitamin B12 surplus intake. It can cause numbness in the arms, hands, and face. Excessive doses of vitamins contained in many meat and fish can also cause damage to the optic nerve.

  • Vitamin B9

Taking too much vitamin B9 can cause stomach problems, skin reactions, seizures, and sleep disorders.

  • Vitamin B7

An overdose of vitamins also called biotin can increase the intensity of urination and perspiration. In addition, excess levels of vitamin B7 can also cause mild nausea, cramps in the stomach and diarrhea.

3. Vitamin C

Vitamin C is found in oranges, broccoli, and potatoes. Its main function is to maintain the immune system and help the wound healing process. However, excessive consumption of vitamin C can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.

4. Vitamin D

Vitamin D can naturally be produced by the skin with the help of sunlight. However, we can also get this vitamin from food, such as fish oil, red meat, liver, and eggs.

The main function of vitamin D is to increase calcium absorption to maintain healthy bones, teeth, and muscles. However, excessive consumption can cause a buildup of calcium in the blood, arteries, and soft tissues. Also, some people reported having kidney stones due to excess vitamin D.

5. Vitamin E

Besides being included in foods, such as vegetable oil, fruits, chicken meat, cereals, and eggs, vitamin E is also available in supplement form.

Vitamin E is beneficial for maintaining healthy skin and body tissues. However, side effects that might occur if we consume this vitamin excessively are the appearance of bruises, rashes, headaches, and fatigue. In addition, research shows that this excess vitamin can increase the risk of stroke.

If the food you consume every day varies, starting from fruits, vegetables, meat, eggs, and fish, then your daily vitamin needs are actually fulfilled. Especially if you adopt a balanced nutritious diet.

But if you still want to take supplements, make sure the dose does not exceed the recommended dose. And remember, if you are suffering from a particular disease, you should consult with your doctor before taking vitamin supplements.





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Health and clinical interests include all aspects of infectious diseases

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