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The Result If Your Child Has Early Puberty

Puberty is a period in which a child experience changes marked by the active start of the sexual organs in his body. This process occurs because of hormonal changes and generally begins to occur when the child enters adolescence.

Normally, puberty occurs in the age range of 10 to 15 years for boys. Whereas in puberty women occur faster, namely at the age of 9 to 14 years. Even so, puberty can also occur late or even earlier.

Puberty that occurs earlier or early puberty begins at the age of 9 years for boys and 8 years for girls. Sometimes, this can affect a child's emotional state. Children may feel unprepared for the changes that occur in their bodies and become different from their peers. Likewise with parents, who can feel worried about the early changes that occur to their children.

The cause of children experiencing premature puberty

The cause of early puberty in a person will be difficult to know but can be distinguished based on the type of development at central or peripheral early puberty.

Causes of central early puberty

Central early puberty involves the role of the brain as a trigger for the reproductive organs to produce sexual hormones. This can be caused by various disorders of the central nervous system and can trigger early puberty. Some of these disorders include:

  • Tumors in the brain or spinal cord.
  • Congenital brain defects such as the condition of hydrocephalus or non-cancerous tumors.
  • Effects of radiation exposure on the brain or spine.
  • Injuries to the brain or spine.
  • McCune-Albright syndrome - a genetic disorder that affects the color of bones and skin and triggers hormonal disorders.
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia - a genetic disorder that causes the production of hormone disorders from the adrenal gland.
  • Hypothyroid disorders - conditions that cause the thyroid gland not to produce enough hormones.

Causes of peripheral early puberty

At peripheral early puberty that does not involve the central nervous system, hormonal disorders and reproductive organs are the main cause. Some of the possibilities that cause peripheral early puberty are:

  • Tumors in the adrenal gland.
  • McCune-Albright syndrome.
  • Exposure to estrogen or testosterone from drugs
  • Cysts and tumors in the ovaries of girls
  • The presence of tumors in cells from sperm-producing organs or testosterone in men.
  • Genetic mutations in the gonadal glands of male infants causing testosterone production have begun at the age of 1-4 years.

This Is Changing When Early Puberty Children

Early puberty does not only affect the physical and/or emotional state of the child at that time, but it can also affect children's chances in the future. The following are some of the things that occur at puberty:

1. Physical

Girls will begin to experience enlargement of their breasts, pimples appear, menstruation, armpit hair and pubic hair begin to grow, and the scent of the body begins to change. Whereas in men, the sound will become heavier, the body's scent begins to change, pimples appear, the reproductive organs begin to enlarge, growth in height streaks.

2. Emotion

Early puberty that changes the physical shape of a child faster than his peers can affect a child's emotions. For example, in a girl who has early menstruation, she can experience depression and anxiety, because of confusion over the changes that occur in her. There can also be a decrease in self-confidence due to changes that he experienced.

3. Body posture

The duration of early puberty is not the same as normal puberty. This means shorter periods of early puberty. As a result, when early puberty stops early, the child's height growth will also stop earlier.

If so, the child will not experience growth in height anymore because bone growth has stopped and the child's body frame is ripe. So that when adults, children who experience early puberty tend to pose shorter than their peers.

4. Behavior

Not only emotions can be affected by early puberty, but also children's behavior. For example, some boys who experience early puberty can have more sexual desire for their age. Whereas girls can be more sensitive, irritable, and their emotions can go up and down. Even so, this condition still requires more research.

5. Risk of disease

Besides being able to influence the development of the psychology and behavior of children, early puberty is also expected to cause the risk of disease in the future. One of them is the risk of breast cancer in women, obesity, and brain tumors. However, this is still needed more in-depth research to prove that there is indeed a connection between early puberty and these diseases.

Early puberty is a condition that needs to be consulted by a pediatrician so that treatment can be given if needed. Experiencing early puberty is certainly not an easy thing for children. As parents, at a time like this, it is better for you to get closer to the child. Give a clear explanation of what is happening in him and how to deal with it.

Even if early puberty can affect a child's condition in the future, there is really nothing to worry about. So, stay with your child calmly.



1. Mayo Clinic, (2014). Precocious puberty.

2. Kids Health (2015). For Kids. All About Puberty.

3. NHS, (2016). Early or delayed puberty. 

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