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Types of skin diseases that often occur in children

In addition to allergies, there are many more skin disorders that are commonly experienced by children. Most skin diseases in these children are not pleasant, but easy to treat. You can learn how to recognize this lesion. However, you must take your child to the doctor to get the right diagnosis and treatment for the disease.

Children, especially infants or toddlers are more at risk of developing skin diseases because of their daily habits of wearing diapers. In addition, skin diseases may also be experienced because of contact with other children who already have skin disorders due to certain germs or viruses. Of course, there are also hereditary skin diseases, and this type of skin disease is usually permanent.

Common Skin Diseases of Children

This type of skin disease suffered by children is generally the same as adults. However, there are some types of skin diseases that are more common in children, including:

  • Impetigo

This condition is a type of skin disease caused by a bacterial infection and can be cured by antibiotics. This disease generally attacks the area around the child's mouth and nose, although it may also appear on other parts of the body. The characteristic of impetigo is a rash that produces yellowish fluid. This liquid can then turn into a yellowish crust. If scratched, this disease can spread and become worse.




  • Diaper rash (diaper dermatitis)

Diaper rash is inflammation of the area covered by diapers, such as the buttocks and thighs. This disease arises due to prolonged exposure to urine and feces, or irritation to certain ingredients in diapers. The following conditions increase the risk of diaper rash:

- Use of diapers for too long.

- Children experience diarrhea or frequent bowel movements.

- Child's skin is often wet or sweaty.

Diaper rash is a form of irritant contact dermatitis. Luckily, this skin disorder is usually limited to the location covered by diapers, so handling can be focused on the area.

  • Cradle cap This condition usually occurs in newborns up to three years of age. This is indicated by the presence of thick white or yellow scales on the surface of the scalp. In the medical world, this condition is called cradle cap which is another term for seborrheic dermatitis.

Although rare, this disorder can sometimes occur in several other parts of the body, such as the eyebrows, eyelids, ears, nasal folds, back of the neck, or armpits. In some cases, this disease can cause skin to crust and remove yellowish fluid. However, usually this disease will disappear by itself. But if it is not lost too, it is advisable to immediately see a doctor to get proper treatment.

  • Eczema

Eczema called medical atopic dermatitis is a skin disease characterized by red and itchy skin. Although it often occurs in children, it does not mean that adults are free from this disease. Eczema is a long-term (chronic) type of skin disease and tends to recur suddenly, but then subside. In some individuals, eczema can be accompanied by asthma.

There is no treatment that can cure this disease, drugs only function to help relieve symptoms. In addition to drugs, to reduce the symptoms can be done several actions, for example:

- Do not scratch the skin because it can cause injury and infection.

- Avoid using soap that can cause irritation.

- Keep skin clean.

- Avoid stress.

- Diligently moisturize the skin.

  • Warts

Warts are skin growth caused by the HPV virus (human pappillomavirus). There are more than 60 types of HPV virus, but only a part of it causes wart growth on the skin. This disease can be transmitted through direct physical contact with the skin. Warts on children can appear on the fingers, palms, soles of the feet, knees, or elbows.

  • Chickenpox

Chickenpox is a very common disease affecting children, but can also occur in adults. This disease is caused by a viral infection called varicella-zoster virus. Symptoms of chickenpox are usually in the form of hot fever accompanied by a rash on the skin. The rash itself appears in the form of blisters such as dew drops, spots, and scabs. Chickenpox usually affects children for a week and can spread to other children in a short time. Luckily there are vaccinations that have been carried out extensively, so that this skin disease is less common among children.

  • Measles

The most common type of skin disease affecting other children is measles. Measles is a disease caused by a virus with rapid spread. In rare cases, measles can cause serious complications in children, such as pneumonia (inflammation of the lungs).

Now there is measles vaccination as a preventive measure. The provision of measles vaccine in children can minimize the risk of developing this disease.

  • Prickly heat

Another type of skin disease that often attacks the body of children is prickly heat. This is caused by blockages in the pores of the skin so that sweat cannot come out. Prickly heat will then cause the appearance of spots such as pimples that fill the neck and head. Usually this disease will disappear by itself. Parents must wear comfortable clothes and can absorb sweat so that the prickly heat does not get worse.

Don't panic if you find a baby gets one of the types of skin diseases in the child above. If confused or hesitant in dealing with it, immediately consult a dermatologist or pediatrician.





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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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