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Understanding Cancer Cells and Their Stages and Levels

Unlike normal cells in the body, cancer cells grow rapidly, uncontrollably. To follow the development of cancer cells can be seen based on the stage. The level of the stage in cancer is a picture to measure how much the growth of cancer cells, and the extent of the spread of cancer cells from the place of origin of growth.

Examination to find out the stage in cancer sufferers is very important to do because this will help doctors to assess the condition of cancer and know the extent to which these abnormal cells develop in the body. After the cancer stage is known, the doctor can determine the appropriate treatment plan. Understanding how the growth of cancer cells and their stages and levels will help you get an overview of the journey from cancer in general.

Is it true that everyone has cancer cells?

Maybe you've heard information that everyone actually has cancer cells in the body. The problem is only whether the cell will grow and life becomes cancer that attacks certain body organs. Wait a minute, don't easily believe this news because the fact is that cancer cells do not live in every human body. In fact, everyone does have cells with damaged DNA, but the body has an automatic system that will kill these damaged cells before they develop into cancer cells. Even in some cases, these damaged cells will not grow into cancer in the body. So under normal circumstances, the human body is clean of cancer cells.

Read Also : Cancer: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Prevention

Cells and Cancer occurrence

The human body consists of trillions of cells. Over time, these cells will age, be damaged, die, and no longer function. Healthy cells will grow and divide regularly to replace damaged, old, or dead cells, so that the body can continue to function. This is how cells in the body should live and develop.

But in certain conditions, there are cells that grow irregularly. There are new cells formed, even though they are not needed. There are cells that are old or damaged and should die but still, survive. There are also cells that divide themselves continuously without control. This cell growth falls into the abnormal category.

Cells that grow abnormally can form tissue in the form of a tumor or lump. Unlike a benign tumor, a malignant tumor or cancer will continue to grow and spread to other parts of the body. However, not all types of cancer form tumors, such as blood cancer.

This uncontrolled cell growth can disrupt the work function of the body's organs. The results of a doctor's examination of the level of development of cancer cells, tumor size, and spread will give an illustration of the stage of cancer.

Stadium on Cancer

There are people who are diagnosed with cancer at an early stage, but there are also those who are new to the growth of cancer cells after entering the final stage.

Cancer stage is useful for doctors to understand how severe the cancer is experienced, along with the chances of living cancer patients. In addition, it can also be considered by doctors to determine the best treatment plan, which is most suitable for the physical condition of the cancer patient.

The following are the conditions of cancer cells based on the stage:

  • Stage 0

In stage 0, new cancer grows. These cancer cells are in the first place to grow or have not spread to other body tissues around it. Cancer at this stage can be overcome through surgical removal of cancer cell tissue and has a fairly high treatment success rate.

  • Stage I

In stage I, the tissue is still small cancer, so-called early-stage cancer. Cancer at an early stage often does not provide typical symptoms, so many people do not know that they have cancer. Cancer cells also have not grown into the body's tissues and have not spread to other body parts. There are several treatment options for stage I cancer. For example in patients with stage I breast cancer, treatment can be done through surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or hormone therapy.

  • Stage II

In stage II cancer cells have developed and grown larger than stage I. Cancer cells at this stage still survive in the initial place and have not spread to other body parts.

  • Stage III

In stage III the condition of cancer cells is almost the same as stage II cancer cells. However, these cells have grown deeper into the body's tissues. Some have begun to spread to the surrounding lymph nodes. However, cancer cells have not spread to other parts of the body.

  • Stage IV

At this stage, cancer cells that were originally in one place have spread, at least to 1 other organ tissue. The spread of cancer cells is known as cancer cell metastasis. When cancer has spread, it will be increasingly difficult to control it. The main goal of management for stage IV cancer, generally is to stop, at least inhibit cancer cell growth, and reduce complaints suffered.

Levels on cancer

In addition to the stadium (stage), cancer also has levels. This level is assessed based on the nature of cancer cells. Assessment is carried out based on the condition of the cancer cell under examination under a microscope. The lowest level is the cancer cells that grow more slowly. The higher the level, the faster the cancer cells will grow.

To be clearer, here is an explanation of the level of cancer cells:

  • Level 1: Cancer cells don't look like abnormal cells. Here the cancer cell still looks like a normal cell and its growth is still normal.
  • Level 2: Cancer cells begin to show different signs. Cancer cell growth appears faster than normal cells.
  • Level 3: Cancer cells are clearly seen as abnormal cells. These cells are very active, making it possible to grow and spread aggressively.

To detect the presence of cancer cells, it would be better if you check your health regularly according to the doctor's advice. Detecting cancer from an early age is very beneficial for handling and the chances of successful cancer treatment. Cancer will be easier to treat if the cancer cells are still in a low stage or level. The oncologist will help you to get the treatment that is suitable for the type and condition of cancer you are experiencing.

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