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Various causes of palpitations and how to overcome them

Our heart beats every second to pump blood in order for the body to function normally. In general, adult heartbeats range from 60-100 times per minute with regular rhythms. However, we sometimes feel the heart pounding rapidly and irregularly. What causes it, and how to fix it?

Palpitations are a sensation when the heart feels pounding. This condition is also known as heart pounding, can be felt in the chest and also in the neck.

In fact, palpitation is a condition of health that need not be too worrying because it is generally not harmful. Even so, still need to be alert to the possibility of serious conditions that trigger palpitasi complaints.

Conditions That Cause Palpitations

Generally palpitations or heart palpitations are caused by:

  • Emotional pressures, such as stress, anxiety, and panic attacks.
  • Exercise or severe physical activity.
  • Eating drinks or foods that contain caffeine, such as coffee.
  • Take drugs containing pseudoephedrine (usually cough and cold), diet pills, asthma, high blood pressure, and heart disease, and some types of herbal supplements.
  • Hormonal changes during menstruation, pregnancy or
  • Suffer from thyroid disease, low blood sugar, dehydration and anemia.
  • Eat heavy foods rich in carbohydrates, sugars and fats. High consumption of foods will contain MSG, nitrate and sodium sometimes can also cause palpitations.

In addition, under certain conditions, palpitations may be a sign of more serious health conditions, such as thyroid disease, low blood sugar, dehydration, anemia, and heart disease. Heart disease that is often associated with palpitations is a heart rhythm disorder or arrhythmia.

How to Overcome Palpitations

There are various ways that can be done to overcome palpitations complaints. However, the treatment depends on the underlying cause of palpitations. Here are some simple things to do at home:

Change lifestyle

Healthy lifestyle

Lifestyle changes need to be done to prevent or overcome palpitations suffered. Start by living a healthy lifestyle, and avoid things that can cause palpitations. If the consumption of certain medications is what triggers the occurrence of palpitations, talk to your doctor, in order to be given a replacement drug.



Stress can trigger a spike in the adrenal hormones that cause palpitations. When experiencing palpitations, try to relax. Sit cross-legged and take a slow breath through the nose and exhale slowly through the mouth. This method can make the body become more relaxed.

Drink plenty

Drink plenty

Dehydration conditions can lead to heart palpitations, so it is advisable to consume enough water to keep the body from lacking fluids. An easy way to know if the fluid needs are met well is to pay attention to the color of the urine. If the color is dark yellow, immediately enough water consumption.

What are the treatment options for tachycardia (palpitations)?

Handling for tachycardia depends on the cause. In some cases, tachycardia is harmless and requires no treatment. However if the condition is caused by other causes, the doctor may recommend some treatments to relieve symptoms and prevent worsening of the condition.

Treatment: Certain medications may help slow the heart rate. Tachycardia increases the risk of blood clots, you can be given blood thinners to prevent stroke or heart attack.

Physical therapy: your doctor may ask you to do some things like a vagal maneuver or a shock device to restore the heartbeat to the proper rhythm.

Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be performed to remove excessive electrical channels.

Pacemakers: pacemakers are small tools that are placed under the skin to normalize the heartbeat.

Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD): This tool is implanted in your chest, monitoring the heart rate to keep your heart rate normal.

What are the usual tests for tachycardia (palpitations)?

The doctor will perform a physical exam to see the cause of your tachycardia. You can also be asked about the physical activity, stress, medications you are taking, as well as the latest health conditions. Some other tests that may help diagnose are:

  • Blood tests or urine tests can detect the presence of anemia, electrolyte abnormalities or thyroid
  • Electrocardiogram (EKG) and Holter monitoring are procedures that can collect electrical signals and test for any disturbances in heart rate
  • Event recording: a recording device used on the chest can help record electrical signals of the heart
  • X-ray chest
  • Echocardiogram is an ultrasonic examination to see the structure and function of the heart

Although generally harmless and can disappear by itself, however, some conditions of palpitations should be immediately checked to the doctor. For example, frequent palpitations occur for several minutes, accompanied by shortness of breath and chest pain, or pulse exceeding 100 times per minute.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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