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Various Possible Causes of Known Numbness in the Face

Numbness and tingling sensations can occur anywhere on the body, such as in the hands, feet, or even the face. Facial numbness can be caused by several diseases that need to be watched out for.

The sensation of numbness on the face can be caused by damage or irritation that occurs in your facial nerves. If this complaint is experienced, you should be aware of it, because there could be certain health problems that underlie the appearance of the complaint.

Some diseases are characterized by symptoms of facial numbness

The following are some diseases that can underlie the complaint of facial numbness:

1. Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease that is affected by increased blood sugar levels. Without proper and continuous handling, diabetics can experience various complications, one of which is nerve disorders or diabetic neuropathy. This condition can cause complaints of numbness, including on the face.




2. Stroke

Stroke can occur when blood flow to the brain is disrupted due to blockage or rupture of the blood vessels of the brain. This causes the brain not to get the oxygen and nutrients it needs. Some of the symptoms of a stroke are difficulty speaking, paralysis or numbness in the face, arms, and legs, difficulty seeing (both in one eye or both), and difficulty walking.

3. Multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is a condition when the immune system attacks the protective membranes of the nerves (myelin) which have the potential to paralyze the brain and spinal cord. Symptoms that may be felt are numbness in one part of the body, including on the face, and feel a sensation like an electric shock when moving the neck.

4. Bell's palsy

Often thought of stroke symptoms, Bell's palsy is paralysis or weakness that occurs in the muscles on one side of the face. This condition occurs when the nerves responsible for controlling the face experience problems caused by inflammation.

Bell's Palsy sufferers can cause the sufferer to be unable to close one eye and the appearance of pain in the facial muscles. Also, Bell's palsy can cause numbness on one side of the face that is paralyzed.

5. Hemiplegic migraine

This disease is a rare and very serious type of migraine. The symptoms of this disease are similar to strokes, namely muscle weakness which results in temporary paralysis on one side of the body or in medical terms called hemiplegia.

Symptoms can include numbness on one side of the body, starting from the face, arms, legs, and reduced balance and coordination.

6. Herpes Zoster

This disease causes infection of the nerves caused by the same virus as the virus in chickenpox. Shingles can trigger a rash on the skin on one side of the face or body. The rash caused by herpes zoster causes pain. Sometimes, the rash attacks the area of the skin around one eye. About 1 - 5 days before the rash appears, you will feel pain, pain, itching, and numbness in that part of the body.

7. Transient Ischemic Attack

This condition is also referred to as a mini-stroke. The symptoms are the same as for strokes, including facial numbness. Just like a stroke, transient ischemic attacks are also caused by blood clots in the brain. The difference with strokes, in transient ischemic attacks, the clots subside quickly and the symptoms only last for a few minutes.

8. Brain Aneurysm

This disease is an enlarged artery in the brain. If the condition only causes a small swelling of the blood vessels, it usually does not cause symptoms. However, if the aneurysm gets bigger, it can cause pressure on brain tissue and nerves. This causes numbness on one side of the face. You can also feel pain in one eye.

Facial numbness is a condition that cannot be considered trivial. This condition should be immediately checked by a neurologist. The doctor can ensure the cause of numbness in the face that you feel while determining the right handling.





References

References

  1. Pietrangelo, A. Healthline (2016). What Causes Numbness? 
  2. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (2019). Bell's Palsy Fact Sheet. 
  3. Shelat, A. NIH. Medline Plus (2017). Numbness and tingling. 

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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