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What is acne? What is the right treatment for acne?

Before choosing acne medication, find out first what it is acne actually

Almost everyone may have had acne. Actually, what is acne? Acne that in medical language is called acne vulgaris, is a skin condition that occurs when your hair follicles are clogged with dead skin and oil, which can lead to inflammation.

Oil-producing glands under your skin are called sebaceous glands and holes in your skin are called pores. Hair follicles connect your pores with sebaceous glands.

Acne can be a mild red nodule to cystic acne (acne stone) that pain. Because there are several types of acne, then the acne medication needed is different.

Acne is usually present on the face, shoulders, back, and chest. These skin problems can cause emotional stress and can leave acne scars. The faster you treat it, the lower your risk for experiencing the emotional and physical effects.

How common is acne?

Acne is very common and can occur at any age. Often, acne occurs in adolescents who are experiencing puberty. Even so, acne during adulthood is also common. This can be overcome by reducing your risk factors. Do not choose any acne medication before you consult with to find out more information.

What are the signs and symptoms of acne?

The symptoms and signs of acne depend on the severity of your condition. Some of the signs are:

  • Whiteheads - in the form of clogged pores.
  • Blackheads - in the form of open pores, mucus turns dark when exposed to air and oxidized.
  • Papul - a small, red and painful nodule.
  • Pustul - a papule with pus at the end.
  • Nodules - dense, large and painful lumps.
  • Cystic acne - big pustules under the skin and very painful.

There may be signs and symptoms not mentioned above. If you have concerns about a particular symptom, consult your doctor.


When should I see a doctor?

You should contact your doctor if you experience any of the following symptoms:

  • Doing home therapy for more than 3 months without results;
  • Acne persists or becomes more severe, you should go to a dermatologist;
  • Acne appears after getting new drugs from a doctor's prescription;
  • If you have an allergic reaction and show these symptoms after therapy at home. Symptoms can be difficulty breathing, stunted breathing, swelling of the eyes, face, lips or tongue.

If you have any of the above signs or symptoms or any other questions, consult your doctor. Each person's body is different. Always consult a doctor to treat your health condition.

What causes acne?

Here are 4 main causes of acne, namely:

  • Oil production
  • Dead skin cells
  • Clogged pores
  • Bacteria

Normally, your oil glands secrete oil to lubricate your face and hair. When oil production is excessive, your hair follicles are filled with dead skin and oil, which can cause your pores to clog up. If the blockage is infected with bacteria, then inflammation occurs and acne will form.

What increases my risk for acne?

There are many risk factors for acne, namely:

  • Hormones: Sex hormone levels known as androgens increase at puberty. This causes excessive oil production (sebum). Some birth control pills also contain androgens. Consult your doctor when taking oral contraceptives.
  • Some medications can cause acne: You are at high risk of experiencing acne if you are taking medications containing corticosteroids, androgens, or lithium.
  • Family history: Genetic role is very important. If a parent has acne, you are also at risk of having acne.
  • Products that contain oil: You may get acne if your skin comes in contact with moisturizers or oil-containing creams.
  • Friction or pressure on the skin: Contact on the skin or hard friction with the phone, cell phone, helmet, or backpack.
  • Stress: Stress does not cause acne, but if you are having acne, stress can aggravate your acne.


What are the acne medicine options that I can use?

Usually, acne medicine will be given according to each condition. Acne medications are administered in a therapy that has a specific time period and rule.

Sometimes your doctor will combine several approaches to treat effectively and avoid "drug tolerance", because bacteria on acne medications can be immune to the drug. You can treat acne by using creams and medications.

Face skin care

For mild acne (whiteheads, blackheads, or small red nodules), therapies that can be done are:

  • Wash your face with warm water and mild facial cleanser.
  • Use a moisturizer containing benzoyl peroxide.
  • Use a moisturizer containing salicylic acid.

If the above method does not matter, you should go to the doctor. Your doctor will prescribe more powerful medicines for your skin. Your doctor can prescribe topical creams or oral antibiotics to treat your acne.

For red pimples, swelling and worse, you can:

  • Using benzoyl peroxide.
  • Ask your doctor if you have cystic or purulent acne.
  • Use an antibiotic cream or from a doctor's prescription.
  • Using retinoids.
  • Using azelaic acid.
  • Oral antibiotics or retinoids (isotretinoin) from a doctor's prescription. This is a therapy usually used if the above methods are not effective, because retinoids and antibiotics have side effects. You are not advised to take this medicine without doctor's advice.

Sometimes acne should be treated with potent or topical and oral medications. These skin problems often leave marks. Therefore, your doctor can prescribe a combination of oral and oral medications to prevent acne scars.

There are several methods to remove acne scars like laser therapy and ointment. Consult your doctor for more information and appropriate therapy for acne scars.

Most of the acne therapy is done for 6-8 weeks. Some methods can aggravate your acne before it heals. Some birth control pills are believed to be a powerful acne remedy, as it helps control acne. Birth control pills androgen levels in your body, the hormone that causes acne. Consult your doctor for the right treatment for you.


What are the usual tests for acne?

Blood test

Doctors more often just do microscopic examination and examination on your skin. Some doctors perform blood tests to help you choose the best medicine and monitor the side effects during treatment.

What are the lifestyle changes or home remedies that can be done to deal with acne?

Here are the lifestyle and home remedies that can help you deal with acne:

  • Eating healthy foods, exercising regularly, and drinking lots of water (at least 1.5 liters / day) can help remove subcutaneous fluids and boost your metabolism.
  • Clean your face gently at least 2 times / day with a special cleanser.
  • Sleep enough to maintain your hormones.
  • Keep hand hygiene to avoid spreading bacteria and dirt from hand to acne, preventing acne getting worse.
  • Drugs or creams from your doctor.
  • Avoid irritant cosmetics. You should use appropriate cosmetics, sunscreens, and shampoos that do not contain oil and are written not to cause acne on the label.
  • If you are irritated by sunlight, the best solution is to avoid exposure to direct sunlight on your acne. You should use an oil-free sunscreen. You can ask the pharmacist or doctor about the appropriate cream for your acne.
  • Do not squeeze pimples because they can cause scars or spread inflammation. Your doctor will help your acne out when needed.
  • Go to the doctor if the acne gets worse or leaves marks after treatment.



American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Acne. 2016. U.S. National Library of Medicine. Acne. 2016.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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