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What Is hyperlipidemia and why should we be vigilant?

It seems almost everyone is familiar with the term high cholesterol. Too much bad cholesterol can increase your risk of heart disease, stroke, and other problems. Well, there is one other condition called eleven-twelve hyperlipidemia similar to high cholesterol, but it still makes a difference. Let's find out more about hyperlipidemia in this article.

What is hyperlipidemia?

Lipids are defined as organic compounds that are not soluble in water. These include fats, oils, candles, sterols, and triglycerides. Lipids are molecules that circulate in your bloodstream. Lipids can also be found in tissues all over your body. The term lipid actually already includes total fat and cholesterol in it. But people generally only use the term "lipid" to describe the fat alone.

Cholesterol is a very unique type of fat. Cholesterol itself is actually a waxy substance made from some lipids and some proteins. Cholesterol is formed from saturated fats obtained from the foods you eat. Cholesterol is also produced by the liver. These compounds are carried through the blood with the help of a molecule called lipoprotein. Cholesterol is useful for hormone production, brain function, vitamin storage and healthy cell membranes.

Other lipid types, triglycerides are only formed from food. triglycerides are useful for storing reserve calories into energy when needed. You should pay attention to the amount of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood so as not to cause chronic illness. The normal limit of triglycerides present in the body is less than 150 mg / dl.

Hyperlipidemia is a condition of imbalance of fat in the blood, which is characterized by high cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Although both are useful to the body, if levels are high it will cause plaque buildup in blood vessel walls. Over time, the plaque will enlarge and clog the arteries, resulting in cardiovascular disease, heart attacks, and stroke.

The cause of hyperlipidemic disease

Not all cholesterol causes hyperlipidemia. Only 'bad' cholesterol is the cause. There are two types of cholesterol, namely low density lipoprotein (LDL) and high density lipoprotein (HDL). LDL is considered bad cholesterol and HDL is good cholesterol.

HDL is converted in the liver to bile salts when the levels are excessive, while LDL is not the case. High levels of LDL will accumulate in the blood vessel wall.

Hyperlipidemia can be a hereditary condition. But most common causes are unhealthy lifestyles, such as:

  • Too much food high in saturated and trans fats, such as milk and meat.
  • Lack of exercise
  • Smoke
  • Drinking alcohol

 

Abnormal cholesterol levels are also found in some people with certain health conditions, including:

  • Kidney illness
  • Diabetes
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Pregnancy
  • The thyroid is less active
  • Overweight (obesity)

Your cholesterol levels may also be affected by certain medications, such as birth control pills, diuretic drugs, and some antidepressants.

Types of hyperlipidemia

Reporting from Medical News Today, every type of hyperlipidemia has different effects on the body, depending on the type of fat affected. Here are the types of hyperlipidaemia you need to know:

  • Type I usually occurs in children. This type causes abdominal pain, recurrent infections, in the pancreas, and an enlarged liver and spleen. This is caused by hereditary conditions that interfere with normal fat work (lipoprotein lipase enzyme abnormalities).
  • Type II (a and b), caused by hereditary factors that can cause fat deposits under the skin and around the eyes due to high levels of LDL. This condition is known as familial hypercholesterolemia (type IIa) and familial combined hyperlipidemia (type IIb).
  • Type III is known as familial disabetalipoproteinemia, which is characterized by too low HDL levels while normal LDL levels. His trademark is the occurrence of xantoma (gray plaque on the eyelids and around the eyes).
  • Type IV is characterized by high triglyceride levels and low cholesterol, which triggers high levels of glucose and insulin.

How do doctors diagnose hyperlipidemia?

Blood test

Hyperlipidemia is not a disease, but a series of conditions. Generally hyperlipidemia does not cause symptoms until the stage is severe.

So, the only way to detect hyperlipidemia is by doing a blood test called a lipid panel or lipid profile. This test determines the total cholesterol content, HDL levels, LDL levels, and triglycerides from blood samples.

Generally, cholesterol levels above 200 milligrams per deciliter are highly valued. However, the safe cholesterol level in each person is different depending on the health history and health problems.

Treatment and prevention measures against hyperlipidemia

Lifestyle changes are the key to treating and preventing hyperlipidemia. Even if this condition is inherited though, if your lifestyle is healthy and still taking the medication prescribed by a doctor then this condition will not recur.

Eating healthy foods such as fruits and vegetables and whole grain products can keep your heart and blood vessels healthy. Avoid consuming foods containing saturated fat and switching to fat or low fat dairy products.



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