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When You have tuberculosis what You need to do?

Actually TB can infect almost all organs of the body such as skin, intestines, bones, and others. However, tuberculosis most often attacks the lungs or also known as lung spots. Tuberculosis can be fatal or deadly, but can also be completely cured if the correct treatment is done.

Symptoms of tuberculosis include: cough with phlegm for more than 3 weeks, coughing up blood, shortness of breath, chest pain, weight loss, decreased appetite, cold sweats at night, a fever that is not too high, and easily tired. Diagnosing TB can be done in several ways. The most common way is to check the presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria in the sputum of the sufferer.

Here are tips you must do when you are diagnosed with TB:

1. Don't be sad and hopeless

Infection with TB does not mean the end of the world. Don't be sad and despair because this disease can be cured completely if the patient undergoes treatment in the right way. So, if you are known to have TB, immediately take treatment.

2. Visit the nearest health center or health facility

Treatment of tuberculosis should not be done carelessly, which also depends on the type of TB disease suffered. Therefore, TB treatment must be supervised by a doctor and carried out in health facilities such as hospitals or health centers.

3. Follow the treatment completely

Treatment of TB can take a long time, which is at least 6 months. However, it is very important to do the treatment to the end so that the disease is fully cured. Irregular treatment can cause more severe tuberculosis, which is drug resistant TB. The treatment method has changed from an oral drug to an injection drug for drug-resistant TB. This will also have an impact on treatment time, which is longer than 6 months.

4. Determine who the supervisor takes medicine

Taking TB medication for 6 months often causes the patient to neglect or forget to take it. Therefore, it is important to have supervisor to take medicine, which is often a relative or family member of the patient. Main task is to remind patients to take medicine on time.

5. Control medication regularly

In addition to treating properly and regularly until complete, it is also important to carry out control and laboratory tests to determine the progress of the disease. Usually a sputum and / or pulmonary x-ray will be performed at the end of the second month or intensive phase of treatment, and at the end of treatment, the 5th or 6th month.

6. Avoid transmission

TB can be transmitted through the air. If you are a sufferer, avoid coughing, sneezing, laughing, singing, or talking that until sprinkling saliva is close to other people. This can cause other people to contract tuberculosis because TB bacteria are present in the saliva of the patient. TB disease is not transmitted through food or drink (also eating or drinking).

If the patient has undergone treatment, transmission will decrease within 2 weeks. Patients with phlegm that do not contain germs (in other words, the results of a negative smear test) also cannot transmit. Some categories of people with low body resistance are more susceptible to contracting, such as HIV / AIDS sufferers, cancer, children, smokers, alcohol drinkers, and drug users.

7. Avoid recurrence

Although it has been completely cured, tuberculosis still has the possibility of relapse. This relapse case often occurs in patients who have a weakened immune system. Therefore, maintaining endurance after being declared cured is very important. Endurance can be increased by eating healthy and nutritious foods, exercising regularly, and having enough rest.

How to prevent transmission of tuberculosis to healthy people

Although very contagious, people with TB do not have to and should not be isolated from the community. You will not contract TB simply by shaking hands or sharing food with people with TB.

Here are some ways that patients can do to prevent transmission of TB in people around.

1. Shut up when coughing and sneezing

TB spreads through phlegm and saliva that comes out of the mouth. So, people with TB must cover their mouths when sneezing or coughing. However, do not close your mouth by cupping both hands. Germs can move into your hands and then move to another person when you shake hands or hold them.

You should use a tissue (don't forget to throw it immediately in the trash, yes! Don't throw it away) or a personal handkerchief to cover your mouth. If it's not there, close your mouth by turning your face to the side of your inner arm or elbow.

Wear a mask while in a public place to prevent transmission of tuberculosis to healthy people.

2. Do not spit or expectorate carelessly!

Similarly, coughing or sneezing in a public place, sputum and spit should not be careless in public places. The bacteria in your saliva can fly in the air and then be inhaled by people around.

If you want to get rid of phlegm or spit, do it in the bathroom. Flush your saliva until it's rinsed clean. If the situation and conditions do not allow you to go to the nearest bathroom, spit in the ditch or the time the water flows.

3. Avoid direct contact with children

As much as possible, avoid being close to or in direct contact with babies, toddlers, or children, because their immune systems are still not strong and tend to be weak.

4. Let the sunlight enter the room

Germs that cause TB can generally survive in the free air for one to two hours, depending on whether there is exposure to sunlight, humidity, and ventilation. In dark, humid, and cold conditions, TB germs can last for days - even months.

However, TB bacteria can die immediately if exposed to direct sunlight. So, open your windows and curtains when the weather is sunny. Let the sunlight enter the room to kill TB germs that may be in your home.

When you open the window, even air circulation can help push germs out of the house so they die when exposed to ultraviolet rays from the sun.

Although tuberculosis is still often found, but the fact is that TB can be cured and stopped transmission by doing the tips above. If you find any symptoms such as cough with phlegm for more than 3 weeks, coughing up blood, shortness of breath, chest pain, weight loss, decreased appetite, cold sweat at night, a fever that is not too high, and easily tired, immediately check yourself to the doctor to find out the clarity.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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