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Prevent and Lighten Constipation in Pregnant Women

Constipation in pregnant women is often the case. The increase in the hormone progesterone that occurs in pregnant women can be one possible cause. Constipation in pregnant women can be prevented by increasing fiber intake, water, and exercise.

Constipation in early pregnancy is usually due to the composition of iron and calcium that is too high in the mother's body. Consumption of iron in high doses can make symptoms of constipation worse.

Mothers who rarely exercise or have a bed rest so that their activities are limited also tend to experience constipation. Another cause is due to pressure in the rectum due to the enlarged uterus to accommodate the size of the baby.

Besides physical causes, constipation during pregnancy can also occur due to stress during pregnancy. Therefore, this disease cannot be underestimated.

When the body has difficulty removing food scraps, food decay occurs in the body. Decay of this food is then absorbed by the blood through the intestinal wall and can have a negative impact on the mother and baby conceived.

The hormone progesterone that increases during pregnancy has the effect of relaxing the smooth muscles throughout the body, including in the digestive tract. Thus, the intestine will move more slowly and absorb more water. This is what causes constipation. In addition, the uterus that enlarges and suppresses the intestines, low-fiber diet, and consumption of blood-enhancing drugs also contribute to constipating pregnant women.

Preventing and Overcoming Constipation in Pregnant Women

Constipation can be prevented by regulating your diet and lifestyle, such as the following:

Eat high-fiber foods

Fiber is considered effective in preventing or alleviating constipation because it has two benefits, namely accelerating the work of the digestive system and making the stool softer. Fiber can be obtained from vegetables, nuts, fruits, seeds, and whole grains. Make sure you consume 25-30 grams of fiber per day.

Drink enough water

When the intestines move more slowly, this one organ absorbs more water so that the stool becomes harder. Therefore, the need for adequate body fluids is very important to prevent constipation in pregnant women. It is recommended for those of you who are pregnant to drink 8-12 glasses of water per day. Avoid caffeine because caffeine can increase urine volume and even make dehydration.


In addition to fiber consumption and meeting body fluids, regular physical activity can also help prevent constipation in pregnant women. Mild exercise, such as walking or swimming for 20-30 minutes every day three times a week is considered sufficient for pregnant women. However, it is recommended to consult a doctor about physical activity that is safe to do during pregnancy.

Anticipate iron side effects

Pregnant women need more iron and folic acid to maintain pregnancy and prevent anemia. However, blood boosting supplements such as iron can cause side effects of constipation and discomfort in the gastrointestinal tract. To overcome this problem, pregnant women can consult an obstetrician to get the best advice and a choice of suitable blood booster supplements to prevent constipation.

Read also : Important of Folic Acid for Pregnant Programs

Take probiotics

Probiotics are beneficial bacteria in the body found in food. Probiotics can facilitate digestion and reduce bad bacteria in the intestine. These good bacteria are considered safe for consumption during pregnancy. Therefore, probiotics can be an option to help relieve constipation and diarrhea in pregnant women. Probiotics can be obtained by consuming yogurt and drinks containing probiotics.

If the above methods have not been successful, it is recommended to see a gynecologist. Pregnant women are not recommended to take any drugs or supplements without consulting a doctor first.



1. American Pregnancy Association (2015). Pregnancy and Constipation.

2. Baby Center (2017). Constipation during Pregnancy. 

3. West, H. Healthline (2016). Does Fiber Relieve or Cause Constipation? A Critical Look.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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